Bacterial infection of the bladder is what causes bacterial cystitis in dogs and due to the shorter distance the bacteria needs to travel up the urethra to the bladder this disease is more common amongst females. In most cases, the main source of bacteria will be the anus. The relatively shorter distance between the vagina and the anus results in females being effected more so than males.
After reaching the bladder the unwanted bacterium will travel to the thin outer wall of the muscle that forms the bladder worsening the infection. Trying to maintain a healthy body, at this point the mild acids in the dog's urine will try and fight the bacterium to stop the infection.
The infection will begin to worsen once this natural defense system fails and the acids in the urine run out. A worsening infection would mean that the dog would feel a burning sensation in its bladder which in turn may rupture microscopic blood vessels leaking them into the urine and giving it a reddish pink color. The natural response of the dogs' body would be to contract its bladder muscles and thus leave the bladder in a continuous state of spasm.
In this state, the dogs' bladder will create a feeling which would make the dog want to urinate and a similar feeling will be caused by the small amounts of urine filling up the contracted bladder.
What a Professional May Have to Say.
If the vet suspects the dog to have bacterial cystitis they will ask you to bring in a urine sample which will be used to test for acidic (pH) levels, glucose and blood cells.
If the vet manages to find blood vessels in the urine sample this will confirm that there is inflammation of the bladder and thus the proper diagnosis will lead to appropriate treatments to cure the disease.
If there is glucose present in the urine, which encourages bacteria growth, it might mean that the dog has a mild case of diabetes and a different treatment would be suggested to cure cystitis.
The urine sample will also be tested for pH levels and if these turn out to be too high it will indicate that the dogs' urine does not contain adequate levels of acid to fight the bacteria which would make the dog more prone to this disease and will require further treatment such as a different diet to lower the pH level.
The vet may also want to conduct further tests such as an ultrasound scan, an x-ray or endoscopy to view the bladder. These tests will help check the presence of abnormal cells such as tumors or microscopic bladder stones (crystals).
Only after all these tests and procedures have been conducted will the vet be able to diagnose the disease properly and suggest the appropriate treatment or inflammatory medicine to use.
Bowel And Bladder Problems
The bladder is the repository for most of the body's fluid waste before being passed. These fluids wastes contain many of the known carcinogens that we take in daily through the ingesting of out highly refined and processed foods. Is it any wonder that the between 1971 and 1974 the number of bladder cancers reported more than doubled according the American Cancer Society?
The incidence of bladder cancer in smokers is approximately twice that of non-smokers. Biological data suggest that genetic factors in activating and detoxifying enzymes may play a role in determining an individual's susceptibility to bladder cancer in particular when in combination with specific environmental factors such as cigarette smoking and other airborne pollutants.
Many bladder problems are hard to diagnose due to factors such as size or localization. A great majority of carcinomas of the urinary bladder are either undetectable with standard imaging techniques, or cannot be definitively differentiated from non-malignant carcinomas.
Bladder infections are the most common urinary tract infections, however; any part of your urinary tract can be become infected. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra.
Women have more bladder infections than men because the urethra is shorter in women than men. Bacteria can reach the bladder more easily in women because bacteria have a shorter distance to travel.
Two non-invasive medical tests are commonly used to detect bladder problem. The first is testing for antibodies in the urine. If antibodies are found then the human body is in the process of fighting some type of problem. The second test is looking at cells that have been exfoliated in the urine. If the cells are abnormal in size, shape, color or other abnormalities then furthering testing in the medical laboratory will be required.
Possible signs of a bladder infection are the following:
Cloudy Urination is one way to identify a bladder infection when no other symptoms are present. The color of ones urine does give great insight into the internal condition of the urinary track.
A sharp, knife-like pains in your back or groin. You could possibly have a bladder infection, kidney stone or another serious problem.
Fever with a backache. You may have a kidney disease called pyelonephritis.
Urge to urinate just after using the restroom and when you do you only urinate small amounts. Could be a bladder infection called cystitis, bladder irritation called interstitial cystitis, or from a kidney stone.
In some cases, women also complain of a feeling of not emptying the bladder and heaviness in the lower abdomen.
If blood is present in your urine it could be from a bladder infection, trauma, kidney stone, or a bleeding disorder.
A painful or burning sensation with urination could be a sign of a bladder infection or possible kidney stones.
In males the need to urinate more often than normal, or have problems starting the urine stream, or wake many times at night to urinate could be caused by problems with the prostate gland.
Needing to urinate but not being able to.
Leaking a little urine. Some women report this symptom after childbirth and may be caused from a weakness in the bladder due to childbirth or ageing. This weakness is called stress incontinence.
Urine that smells bad. Some vitamins, or foods, and over the counter products will also produce a strong odor of the urine.
If your doctor thinks you have a bladder infection he or she may prescribe an antibiotic that will turn you urine a bright orange, so don't be alarmed by the color.
Vitamin CVitamin A L-cysteine
Vitamin EZinc Cranberry Juice
Vitamin C can reduce the risk of developing urinary bladder cancer in smokers and drinkers.
Vitamin A is an important immune system stimulant. DR. Nauss reported a reduced T-cell immune response in patients with a Vitamin A deficiency. Vitamin A deficiency may increase the risk of cancers of the lung, larynx, bladder, esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum and prostate. Vitamin A is stored in the liver and fat cells of the human body and can reach toxic levels. DO NOT take more than the recommended dosage of Vitamin A.
L-cysteine is another immune system stimulant but should always be taken in conjunction with Vitamin C to reduce the risk of developing stone formation in the kidneys and bladder.
Vitamin E accelerates wound healing and aids in the functioning of the immune system.
Zinc also has a profound influence on the body's ability to resist disease.
Cranberry Juice may also help prevent kidney and bladder infections. If you are taking COUMADIN then check with your doctor before using cranberry.
Always consult your doctor before using this information.
This Article is nutritional in nature and not to be construed as medical advice.
Both Ttmw & David Cowley are contributors for EditorialToday. The above articles have been edited for relevancy and timeliness. All write-ups, reviews, tips and guides published by EditorialToday.com and its partners or affiliates are for informational purposes only. They should not be used for any legal or any other type of advice. We do not endorse any author, contributor, writer or article posted by our team.
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