Peptic ulcer is basically a lesion located at the level of the stomach, duodenum or esophagus. Ulcer tends to affect the entire gastrointestinal tract, starting from the lining of the mouth and ending with the rectal region. Peptic ulcer suggests the involvement of hydrochloric acid and pepsin in the development of the disorder. When gastric acid is produced in excess, the mucosal membrane that protects the stomach and internal organs from danger is damaged, enabling the bacteria Helicobacter pylori to penetrate the barrier and cause internal infections. Therefore, in the case of peptic ulcer, both gastric acid and bacteria are responsible for the development of the disorder.
Peptic ulcer located in the stomach is called gastric ulcer; peptic ulcer located at the level of the duodenum is called duodenal ulcer and peptic ulcer developed at the level of the esophagus is called esophageal ulcer.
Peptic ulcer is very common, millions of Americans being diagnosed with different forms of the disorder each year. The advance of modern medicine has allowed scientists to find out more valuable information about these disorders, enabling them to develop new medical treatments. Although in the past peptic ulcer was known to affect mostly male persons, more and more women suffer from forms of peptic ulcer nowadays. Statistics indicate that the predominance of smoking among women has determined an increase of peptic ulcer incidence with the female gender.
Peptic ulcers can sometimes develop into more serious disorders. As a result of complications, peptic ulcer may lead to perforate or bleeding ulcer. These two forms of ulcer are considered to be very dangerous, research results indicating a high probability of death due to such complications. Perforate ulcer involves severe tearing of the mucosal membrane, causing acute pain and sourness at the abdominal level. Bleeding ulcer involves internal hemorrhages and it needs immediate medical intervention. Most forms of perforate and bleeding ulcer require surgery due to their gravity. If the bleeding is severe, the medical intervention is primarily focused on stopping the hemorrhage and resuscitating the patient. The patient requires blood transfusions to compensate for the loss of blood and needs to be kept under constant monitoring until recovered.
The most common symptoms of bleeding ulcer are: nausea, fever, vomiting blood, presence of blood in the feces, black feces, dehydration, fatigue and body weakness. Due to loss of blood, such forms of ulcer may lead to anemia.
Some peptic ulcers are therefore more difficult to treat than others. When dealing with peptic ulcer, it is very important too keep away from alcohol, caffeine, cigarettes and cola, as these may all aggravate the symptoms of the disorder. You should try to respect a healthy diet and follow the medical treatment prescribed by your physician. If you respect these directions, your ulcer symptoms will most likely ameliorate within the first week of treatment, ensuring the remission of the disorder.
Pathophysiology Of Peptic Ulcer
A peptic ulcer is a sore or inflammation on the lining of the stomach. Peptic ulcers are rather ubiquitous: It is estimated that 1 out of 10 People in the United States develops an ulcer at some time in his or her life. There are several causes of peptic ulcers. One cause is related to a bacterial infection, others can be caused by long-term use of common pain relievers, such as aspirin and ibuprofen. As was once thought, peptic ulcers are not caused by stress or eating spicy food, although these types of influences can aggravate the condition.
Peptic ulcer is very common, millions of Americans being diagnosed with different forms of the disorder each year. The advance of modern medicine has allowed scientists to find out more valuable information about these disorders, enabling them to develop new medical treatments. Although in the past peptic ulcer was known to affect mostly male persons, more and more women suffer from forms of peptic ulcer nowadays.
Peptic ulcer occurs in people of all ages and it affects both sexes equally. Although at first the disorder may be mild, peptic ulcer can progress over the years, sometimes even becoming life-threatening. However, nowadays peptic ulcer can be effectively overcome with medication treatments, rarely requiring surgical intervention. When it is timely diagnosed, peptic ulcer is highly curable.
The excessive consumption of alcohol also greatly contributes to the development of peptic ulcer. Statistics indicate that peptic ulcer is very common among people who suffer from cirrhosis, a disease associated with the abuse of alcohol.
In addition to heartburn, individuals with acid reflux can experience difficulty swallowing, a persistent sore throat or feeling a lump in the throat, coughing or wheezing. In more severe cases, the individual may regurgitate blood or notice that their stool is black, which can indicate that it contains partially digested blood.
Ulcers have frequently been the target for humor in describing the stereotypical aggressive, pressured, goal-or-career-oriented person.
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Many doctors give advice to all ex-smokers to avoid alcohol temporarily after quitting, since drinking alcoholic beverages seems to induce relapses in cigarette smoking. Because smokers use cigarettes to relieve anger, anxiety, and frustrations; quitting often makes it difficult to get through their daily routine. Those people may want to visit a psychologist, who may help them cope with their new problems or concerns.
Common diseases that occur in the stomach are a Curling ulcer, Cushing ulcer, Stomach cancer, Gastritis, Linitis plastica, Peptic ulcer, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, Cardia, Gastric acid, Gastric distention, Monogastric, Nasogastric tube, Peptic ulcer, Stomach ache, Stomach cancer, and Borborygmi. "Gastric-" or "Gastro-" are latin names for the stomach, which are commonly used in any medical term concerning this organ.
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