Despite the fact that the teen birth rate is slowly falling, there are still an estimated one million teen pregnancies in the United States alone. About 85% of these pregnancies are unplanned, which in any population can increase the risk for problems. The biggest risk for teen mothers is delaying prenatal care or worse, 7.2% received no care at all.
The reason for lack of prenatal care is usually delayed pregnancy testing, denial or even fear of telling others about the pregnancy. Most states have a health department or University clinic where prenatal care is free or low cost and patient confidentiality is very important, meaning no one can tell the teen mother's family.
Teenage mothers are less likely to gain adequate weight during their pregnancy, leading to Low Birth weight which is associated with infant and childhood disorders and a high rate of infant mortality. Low-birth weight babies are more likely to have organs that are not fully developed, which can result in complications such as bleeding in the brain, respiratory distress syndrome, and intestinal problems.
Children born to teenage mothers are less likely to receive proper nutrition, health care, and cognitive and social stimulation. As a result, they may have an underdeveloped intellect and attain lower academic achievement.
Effects of teen pregnancies on the children involved. These children are far more likely to grow up in poverty, to have more health problems, to suffer from higher rates of abuse and neglect, to fail in school, to become teen mothers, to commit delinquent acts and adult crimes, and to incur failed adult marriages and other relationships.
The burdens of early childbearing on disadvantaged teens are undeniable. Trying to untangle the factors which contribute to teenage pregnancy from its effects, however, leads to a "which came first, the chicken or the egg?" dilemma. Educational failure, poverty, unemployment and low self-esteem are understood to be negative outcomes of early childbearing. These circumstances also contribute to the likelihood of teen pregnancy.
In general, teen mothers have much lower levels of educational attainment than other women, which severely limit their career options and sharply increase their likelihood of economic dependency. Only 70% of teen mothers complete high school or earn a GED, and far fewer
Risk Factors. Although it is not inevitable, some life circumstances place girls at higher risk of becoming teen mothers. These include poverty, poor school performance, growing up in a single parent household, having a mother who was an adolescent mother, or having a sister who has become pregnant.
Teenage pregnancies have become a public health issue because of their observed negative effects on perinatal outcomes and long-term morbidity. The association of young maternal age and long-term morbidity is usually confounded, however, by the high prevalence of poverty, low level of education, and single marital status among teenage mothers.
Children of teenage mothers have significantly higher odds of placement in certain special education classes and significantly higher occurrence of milder education problems, but when maternal education, marital status, poverty level, and race are controlled, the detrimental effects disappear and even some protective effects are observed.
Teen Pregnancy Cause And Effect
What about pregnancy leads to the development of hemorrhoids, anyway?
Well, first is that any excessive, chronic abdominal pressure creates conditions ripe for hemorrhoids. Any time that abdominal pressure increases the volume of the anal veins, those veins might get stretched beyond their capacity and develop into hemorrhoids.
In addition to that basic cause of hemorrhoids, pregnant women gain about two pounds of blood during pregnancy itself in order to supply enough blood to both mother and child. However, while the volume of blood has gone up, pregnant women don't miraculously get longer blood vessels to go along with it. A higher amount of liquid in the same amount of space leads to higher blood pressure, thus further increasing the chances of developing hemorrhoids.
As if that weren't enough, pregnancy causes the loosening of joints and ligaments. This is actually a good thing, as without this, the pelvic girdle would not be able to flex far enough to allow the child's head through safely. However, because this is a body-wide effect and not localized to the hips, the ligaments supporting anal veins get looser along with everything else. Without ligament support, anal veins are more likely to stretch beyond capacity and become hemorrhoids.
Along with pregnancy comes childbirth, which is practically guaranteed to cause hemorrhoids if nothing else managed to first. Natural childbirth puts an immense amount of strain on every muscle, ligament, and blood vessel in the area, and all of that strain is focused out and down. However, the good news is that the vast majority of pregnancy induced hemorrhoids resolve on their own in the months directly after childbirth.
So, now you know.
In addition to a healthy diet, plenty of water and sufficient light exercise, you can also lay on your right side, which takes the weight of your developing child off of the major veins, and carefully monitor your salt intake as high sodium increases both water retention and blood pressure.
Symptom relief is probably your best bet, as if you're going to get hemorrhoids during pregnancy, there's not much that can be done until pregnancy's over.
However, talk to your family doctor and your obstetrician. Both may be able to give further advice or medications to reduce your symptoms and allow you to get on with life.
Both Peter sams & Donald Urquhart are contributors for EditorialToday. The above articles have been edited for relevancy and timeliness. All write-ups, reviews, tips and guides published by EditorialToday.com and its partners or affiliates are for informational purposes only. They should not be used for any legal or any other type of advice. We do not endorse any author, contributor, writer or article posted by our team.
Abdominal Workout For Women If you are looking to build strength in your midsection, look for any exercise that works your core, especially the transverse abdominal muscles. Many components of Pilates are good for this also