The bladder is connected to the kidneys by two tubes called ureters that carry urine into the bladder, where it is stored until you pass it into the outside world through a single tube called a urethra. An overactive bladder is a condition that results from sudden, involuntary contraction of the muscle in the wall of the urinary bladder. Overactive bladder is also referred to as urge incontinenceand is a form of urinary incontinence (unintentional loss of urine). An infection of the bladder is one of the more frequent sites of infections in humans.
A frequent cause of infection of the bladder is insufficient urine production, for instance in hot weather. If this cleaning mechanism of the bladder is interrupted, for example because of loss of water in the form of sweat, the bacteria will not be flushed out of the bladder often enough and will get time to multiply. The examination is important to get information about the condition the bladder is in (which is important for the prediction of the outcome of an operation of the prostate) and to find the cause in cases of incontinence. In men, because the bladder is located near the prostate, the doctor will insert a finger in the male's rectum to feel the bladder, while in women, the examination is performed through the vagina because the bladder is located in the womb. The more common cause of death related to the urinary tract is now sepsis (a blood stream infection resulting from a symptomatic infection in the urinary tract) rather than kidney failure.
Urine that is held too long before being eliminated may lead to infections of the bladder or ureters. A urinary tract infection can occur in the bladder, the kidney, or other parts of the urinary tract. Urinary tract infections, common in young women, can cause temporary problems with bladder control. Commonsymptoms of neurogenic bladder and the infections it can cause are: leaking or dribbling urinea frequent and urgent need to urinate pain or burning when urinating pain in the lower pelvis, stomach, lower back, or sidechange in the amount you urinate, either more or less chillsfever. If a man does get an
infection of the bladder, it often means that there is something else going on too: bladder stones, enlargement of the prostate, etc.
Proper cleaning of urinary care supplies can help prevent infection. You can also help prevent infection by completely emptying your bladder if you can. This helps prevent bacteria from being left in the body long enough to multiply. Clean skin is also an important step in preventing infection. Regular daily exercising of the pelvic muscles can improve and even prevent urinary incontinence. Antibiotics may be given to treat peritonitis and to prevent the development of urinary tract infections. This will prevent urine from accumulating in the bladder, which allows the injured bladder or urethra to heal.
Certain drugs may help the bladder stay relaxed and store urine longer, or an artificial sphincter may be necessary to stop the flow of urine. Drugs that relax bladder muscles and prevent bladder spasms include oxybutynin chloride (Ditropan), tolterodine (Detrol), hyoscyamine (Levsin), and propantheline bromide (Pro-Banthine), which belong to the class of drugs called anticholinergics. These drugs should be used with caution in men with a large prostate gland as the drugs may cause urinary retention. Drinking alcohol and using sedatives in combination with these antispasmodic drugs is contraindicated.
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Thickening Of The Bladder Wall
Bladder cancer is a tumor within the bladder, usually starting with the cells lining the bladder walls. These abnormal cells multiply without control. The tumor may or may not be malignant depending on the invasiveness of the type of cancer involved. The cause of bladder cancer is uncertain as with most types of cancer. Studies have shown that several risk factors may contribute to the development of bladder cancer.
About 25 percent of bladder cancer can be attributed to the exposure to cancer-causing chemicals or carcinogens in the workplace. The chemicals that belong to the Arylamines and Benzidine families are considered the most responsible. Arylamines exposure used to be very high in Dye, Rubber, Aluminum, Leather industry workers along with truck drivers and pesticide applicators but most arylamines usage has been reduced in the workplace because of government regulation.
Radiation therapy for women with cervical cancer have an increased risk of developing bladder cancer. Certain drugs are known to result in a high risk factor to developing bladder cancer such as chemotherapy agent cyclophosphamide and the analgesic phenacetin. Repeated or chronic bladder infections may also lead to the type of cancer called squamous cell bladder cancer. This type of bladder cancer is very slow growing and as with all cancers, early detection can lead to a higher cure rate.
According to the TNM (tumor, lymph node, and metastases) classification system the cancer stage is classified by the location, size and aggressiveness . Recently the TNM staging system has become very popular with the medical industry to describe all types of cancer. The TNM staging system is divided into 5 main stages along with several sub stages using the following scale.
Stage 0 - Tumors limited to the bladder lining but do not extend through the bladder wall lining.
Stage 1 - Tumors involve the layer beyond the lining of the bladder and beyond but do not involve the muscles of the bladder.
Stage 2 - Tumors involve the muscles in the bladder.
Stage 3 - Tumors involve the fatty tissue surrounding the bladder, the prostate gland, the vagina or uterus.
Stage 4 - Tumors have spread into the lymph nodes or other areas of the body such as the liver, lungs and bones.
The following symptoms of bladder cancer can also be associated with non-cancerous conditions. Nerveless any symptom of a suspicious nature should be always evaluated by a trained urologist. Early detection is critical in the successful outcome of all cancer treatments.
A medical professional should always be consulted if you have blood in the urine or if the urine becomes cloudy. The color of ones urine does give great insight into the internal condition of the urinary track.
Urinary frequency, increased frequency in the need to urinate. This could also be sign of a bladder infection called cystitis, bladder irritation called interstitial cystitis, or from a kidney stone.
Painful urination could also be caused by a bladder infection, kidney stone or another serious problem.
Urinary urgency just after using the restroom and when you do you only urinate small amounts. Could be a bladder infection called cystitis, bladder irritation called interstitial cystitis, or from a kidney stone.
Urinary incontinence. Some women report this symptom after childbirth and may be caused from a weakness in the bladder due to childbirth or ageing. This weakness is called stress incontinence. Suggested reading the kegel exercise and vaginal weight training.
Common Vitamins and over the counter products can help with treating Bladder problems such as Vitamin A, Cranberry Juice, and L-cysteine.
Vitamin A deficiency may increase the risk of cancers of the lung, larynx, bladder, esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum and prostate.
Cranberry Juice may also help prevent kidney and bladder infections. If you are taking COUMADIN then check with your doctor before using cranberry.
L-cysteine is another immune system stimulant but should always be taken in conjunction with Vitamin C to reduce the risk of developing stone formation in the kidneys and bladder.
Always consult your doctor before using this information.
This Article is nutritional in nature and is not to be construed as medical advice.
Both Paul Rodgers & David Cowley are contributors for EditorialToday. The above articles have been edited for relevancy and timeliness. All write-ups, reviews, tips and guides published by EditorialToday.com and its partners or affiliates are for informational purposes only. They should not be used for any legal or any other type of advice. We do not endorse any author, contributor, writer or article posted by our team.
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