Editorials » Medical » Psychology

Basic Definitions: Psychological Egoism, Hedonism & Altruism

By: Andrew

The aim of my work is to investigate the essence of both psychological egoism and hedonism, and to reach the objections raised up by Feinberg. Acting this way, I have several purposes. First, I will give a basic definition of psychological egoism, altruism and hedonism. Then, I will present my personal vision as for the notion of psychological egoism, giving in details my three-level method. Finally, I will discuss the objections Feinberg has as for this point. My purpose is to manage to do all enumerated above and still meet the space limitations suggested for this writing.
So, I started my research for this paper. I tried to give a fairly straight forward definition of altruism, psychological egoism and hedonism. Then I realized that that was not so easy I thought before. Certainly, there turned to be too much depth in these concepts to be adequately covered in a paper of this format. Thus, I decided to provide only basics, short and clear definitions based on a synthetic analysis of the readings reviewed.
Psychological Egoism
Psychological Egoism presupposes that the only ultimate objectives one may cherish are self-directed ones. This means that, your original motivation will always be your own self-interests no matter what you do. What shapes these self-interests can gain is a matter of discussion.
Hedonism can be regarded as a kind of egoism. Basically, hedonism believes that pleasure or avoidance of pain is the only matter really valuable, and thus the only fair motivating factor for human -beings is gaining pleasure or avoiding pain, by all possible means. It should be also noted that the pleasures spoken here about are not just physical, in other words, material pleasures, they can be also internal, or psychological delights.

The altruism theory upholds that people sometimes take care about the wellbeing of others without any benefit for themselves. But at the same time altruism no way say that one will always have just well-being of the other people in mind and it does not say that it is normal for a person to have the wellbeing of others as a principle motive. This is an indirect opposition to psychological egoism stating that a person's original motivation is always merely self-directed one.
As I told before, all stated above can be regarded as the most basic of definition and this is the most acceptable within the framework of this kind of paper.

Share this article :

Users Reading this article are also interested in;
• Currency Trading Order Definitions, by James Theiss
• Going Basic, by mter9248
• Basic Use, by Tristan Andrews
Top Searches on Psychology
•  Center For Holistic Medicine•  Alzheimer's Disease Research Center

About The Author, Andrew

Tiffany Sammers is the head of customer care center at, essay writing services. Having completed a number of Argumentative Essays himself, Tiffany uses her knowledge to provide individualized customer support to students, who order technology essay writing services.

Add to your favourites! - Make your homepage
About » Widgets | T&C | Feedback   For Businesses » Free Ads | Online Advertising | Wall Maps | Text Ads
Hotline : Sales 6474 4005 | Marketing & Business Opportunities : 65942755 | (Mon to Fri, 9am to 6pm)