Blood sugar concentration, or glucose level, is tightly regulated in the human body. Normally, the blood glucose level is maintained between about 4 and 6 mmol/L (70 to 100 mg/dL). The total measurement of glucose in the circulating blood is therefore about 3.3 to 7g (assuming an ordinary adult blood volume of 5 liters). Glucose levels rise after meals and are usually lowest in the morning, before the first meal of the day.
Blood sugar tests measure how well your body processes sugar (glucose). Some blood sugar tests are used to diagnose predicaments or diabetes. Others determine how well you're managing your diabetes.
Blood sugar pinpoints to the increase or decrease of glucose in the blood. Your blood sugar can be classified high if the glucose is 200mg/dl or higher. Scientifically, rise in blood sugar is termed as "hyperglycaemia." To test the level of glucose in your blood, you need to use a serum-based glucose monitor.
Having high blood sugar levels every once in a while isn't a big deal. It happens to everyone with diabetes from time to time. But if your blood sugar levels are high a lot, your diabetes health care team will have to help you figure out how to get them back to a healthy level.
Symptoms of Blood Sugar
Blood sugar symptoms can lead to serious health problems if they are not treated properly. Low blood sugar symptoms can lead to seizures and fainting spells.
Poor diet and nutritional choices, especially if you are to be following a specific diabetic diet, but aren't.
A number of medical conditions can cause symptoms similar to those of hypoglycemia. Your doctor will use blood tests and other measures to make sure another condition isn't causing your symptoms
Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome, or HHNS, is a life-threatening condition most frequently seen in elderly people. HHNS can happen to people with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, but it occurs more often in people with type 2 diabetes. HHNS is usually caused by an illness or infection.
Flu and other common illnesses. Sickness can also cause stress which makes your blood sugar to become more intense. It is recommended that when you feel the symptoms of flu and other common illnesses, make sure to do preventive care.
High blood sugar symptoms can lead to both minor and more serious blood sugar related conditions for a lot of people with diabetes.
You feel shaky, nervous, tired, sweaty, cold, hungry, confused, irritable or impatient. It's always important to test to be sure that you actually are having low blood sugar.
Adult family members should also know how to inject glucagon, a hormone that causes your liver to release glucose. Your doctor can prescribe a glucagon kit. Always keep it in the same place and make sure family and friends know where it is. It is extremely important that those around you know what to do in an emergency.
In a healthy person, the blood glucose level is regulated by several hormones, one of which is insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas, a small organ near the stomach that also secretes important enzymes that help in the digestion of food.
Other symptoms are sweating, trembling, numbness, absent-mindedness, dizziness, palpitations of the heart, and some sexual disturbances. Most hypoglycemia patients feel hungry and eat frequently to get over the feeling of weakness and emotional irritability. They feel tense if they have to go without food for several hours. When the patient experiences any symptoms that indicate a fall in blood sugar, he should immediately take a heaped teaspoonful of sugar and then seek medical help.