Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening type of allergic reaction. Anaphylaxis is a magnified, harmful immunological reaction which occurs after reexposure to an antigen. It is usually involve more than one part of the body which, if severe enough, can lead to death. Anaphylactoid reaction produces a clinical syndrome very similar, but it is not immune-mediated. Anaphylaxis happens after being exposed to a triggering agent. The officer led to the liberation of normal body chemicals such as histamine that cause allergy symptoms.Some drugs (polymyxin, morphine, x-ray dye, and others) could cause an anaphylactoid reaction to the first exhibition.
Some oral medications and many other types of exhibitions have also been implicated. Among the causes insect bites / stings, horse serum (used in some vaccines), food allergies, medications and allergies. Pollens and other inhaled allergens rarely cause anaphylaxis. Some people have an anaphylactic reaction with no identifiable cause. Anaphylaxis can also be idiopathic. Symptoms of anaphylaxis are linked to the action of anaphylatoxins and others acting in the release of histamine and other substances mediator mast. In addition to other effects, histamine causes vasodilatation of arterioles and constriction of the bronchioles in the lungs.
Anaphylaxis is an emergency condition requiring immediate professional medical attention. Corticosteroids are used in anaphylaxis primarily to decrease the incidence and severity of delayed or biphasic reactions. Another treatment for anaphylaxis is administration of epinephrine (adrenaline). Epinephrine prevents worsening of the airway constriction, stimulates the heart to continue beating, and may be life-saving. Immunotherapy with Hymenoptera venoms is especially effective treatment. Wear a medical bracelet that lists your trigger. Avoid your trigger. The most effective way to prevent future trouble is to avoid contact with your trigger.
Anaphylaxis and Anaphylactoid Reactions Treatment and Prevention Tips
1. Epinephrine drugs is useful in this cases.
2. Allergen immunotherapy is used for the treatment of allergic disorders.
3. Intravenous fluids and medications that support the actions of the heart.
4. Supportive care with mechanical ventilation may be required.
5. Bronchodilator drugs are used in anaphylaxis
6. Antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine; and corticosteroids, such as prednisone may be given.