|By: Prof.dr. Ibrahim Khalil|
The narration about flying objects at the time of revelation of the Quran was myths, folklore and/or legends.
Bellerophon the Brave, captured Pegasus, a winged horse and took him to a fight with the triple headed monster, Chimera.
Daedalus made wings of wax and feathers and flew successfully from Crete to Naples.
Icarus tired to fly too high and flew very close to the sun. The wings of wax melted and Icarus fell to his death in the ocean.
King Kaj Kaoos affixed eagles to his throne and flew around his kingdom.
Alexander the Great attached four mythical wings animals, to a basket and flew around his kingdom.
Space Exploration in Sciences:
History of spaceflight
The practical proposal of space travel goes back to Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. His most prominent article, The Exploration of Cosmic Space by Means of Reaction Devices, was published in 1903, but this hypothetical work was not widely significant outside of Russia.
Spaceflight became an engineering prospect with the work of Robert H. Goddard's article in 1919 of his paper 'A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes'; where his relevance of the de Laval nozzle to liquid petroleum sky rockets gave adequate power that interplanetary voyage became possible.
In 1957 the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, which became the first synthetic satellite to orbit the Earth. The first human spaceflight was in 1961, in which Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin made one orbit around the Earth.
Sky rockets remain the only presently realistic means of reaching space.
A spaceflight is the persistent movement of a spacecraft into and through the outer space. Spaceflights principally use sophisticated rocket equipment for momentum driving force. A spaceflight sets in motion with a launch, which provides the initial power to overcome the force of gravity and boost the spacecraft from the surface of the Earth.
Spaceflight is an indispensable element of space Exploration. It is also essential for profitable uses of space, such as space tourism and the initiation of telecommunications satellites. Non-commercial uses of spaceflight include space observation, reconnaissance satellites, survey satellites and other earth inspection satellites e.g. for intelligence work and military purposes.
Space Exploration in Bible:
He spreads out the northern skies over empty space
He spreads out the northern skies over empty space; he suspends the earth over nothing.
By his breath the skies became fair
By his breath the skies became fair; his hand pierced the gliding serpent.
He spreads out the skies, hard as a mirror of cast bronze
Can you join him in spreading out the skies, hard as a mirror of cast bronze?
Now no one can look at the sun, bright as it is in the skies after the wind has swept them clean.
The ancient skies
To him who rides the ancient skies above, who thunders with mighty voice.
Space Exploration in Quran:
The Quran is the first book on earth which says that men with the sciences, power and authority could penetrate through the regions of skies.
In this age of technology, science, space, rockets, and information, that all these things were mentioned by the Quran, which challenged all mankind to know about, and which some of them have not been discovered yet. This challenge can best be summarized by the following verse:
O ye assembly of jinn and men! If ye have power to penetrate (all) regions of the heavens and the earth, then penetrate (them)! ye will never penetrate them save with (our) sanction. (Not without authority shall ye be able to pass!)
The translation given here needs some explanatory comment:
a) The word 'if' in Arabic is used for the achievable hypothesis and suggests the material possibility of a concrete realization.
b) Allah is addressing the jinn and human beings.
c) 'To penetrate' is the translation of the verb "nafada" to pass right through and come out on the other side of a body' It therefore suggests a penetration and also an emergence at the other end into the regions in question.
d) The Power or authority is the translation of the word (sultan) there can be no doubt that this verse indicates the possibility that men will one day carry out 'the invasion of space'. The Arabic word (sultan) means the power, authority, sciences and force. In this verse it means that you cannot penetrate unless by a giant force or power, which could be equal to the force of the gravity of earth, or another force that only Allah alone knows about. Gravity keeps the Earth in a uniform distance from the sun and other planets. Any change in this force could allow the earth to move freely in the universe, which will quickly lead to its destruction. There might be another gigantic force that we cannot penetrate or reach. This force is the speed we should move at in order to be able to penetrate through the skies. Modern science, Einstein's Relativity Theory in particular, have shown that no matter what progress we make in the field of modern transportation, such as rockets, we would not be able to reach the speed needed to penetrate the universe, which happens to be the speed of light. Because of Einstein's Theory, this is virtually impossible.
It should be emphasized that the Quran predicts both the penetration through the regions of the Heavens, and also the penetration through the Earth, i.e. the Exploration of its depths.
Here again, it is difficult not to be impressed, when comparing the text of the Quran to the data of modern sciences, by statements that simply cannot be attributed to the thought of a man who lived more than fourteen centuries ago.
Back to the main topic of my series of articles (1- 46); this is my question to you smart readers: "Is the Quran quoted from the Bible "?