1,131,700 inhabitants; the metropolitan area has 1,566,000 inhabitants. It is the fourth-largest city in Ukraine. Donetsk and the surrounding territories are heavily urbanized and agglomerated into conurbation. The workforce is heavily involved with heavy industry, especially coal mining, but the city is very green and lightly-polluted for being a major industrial city. Donetsk has one of the highest standards of living in the region.
While the majority of people in central and western Ukraine speak Ukrainian, most residents of Donbas are Russian-speaking Ukrainians and native Russians. The Russian language is dominant in Donbas. Ukrainians are 56.9% of Donetsk region and Russians are 38.2%.
Donetsk was founded in 1869 when the Welsh businessperson built a metallurgical plant and several coal mines near a Cossack settlement Alexandrovka. The town initially was given the name Yuzovka. By the beginning of the 20th century Yuzovka had approximately 50,000 inhabitants, and attained the status of a city in 1917. In 1924 the city's name was changed to Stalino after Joseph Stalin. The Nazi invasion during World War II almost completely destroyed the city, which was mostly rebuilt on a large scale at the war's end. During Nikita Khrushchev's second wave of desalinization immediately after the 22nd Communist Party Congress in November 1961, all Soviet cities named after Stalin were renamed. Stalino's name was changed to Donetsk, after the Donets River, a tributary of the Don.The list of Donetsk hotels
: Victoria (Victory) hotel, Praha hotel, Legion hotel, Spanish Yard hotel, Rialto hotel, Central (Centralny) hotel, Ukraine (Ukraina) hotel, Atlas hotel, Druzhba hotel, Dynamo (Dynamo) hotelThe list of Ukraine Airway Companies
: Ukraine International Airlines, Volare Airways, Air Travel, Lvov Airways, Niclolayev Airways, Crimea Airways, Aerostar, Donbass Airways, Aerosvit, Ukrainian Cargo Airways, Ukrcopter Airways.The list of Ukraine Airports
: Berdyansk Airport, Borispol International Airport (Kiev), Vinnitsa Airport, Dnepropetrovsk Airport, Donetsk Airport, Zaporozhzhye Airport, Ivano-Frankovsk Airport, Izmail Airport, Kerch Airport, Zulyany Airport (Kiev), Kirovohrad Airport, Kramatorsk Airport, Kryvyy Rih Airport, Lugansk Airport, Lvov Airport, Mariupol Airport, Nickolayev International Airport, Odessa International Airport, Poltava Airport, Rovno Airport, Severdonoetsk Airport, Simferopol International Airport, Sumy Airport, Ternopol Airport, Uzgorod Airport, Kharkov Airport, Kherson Airport, Cherkassy Airport, Chernovtsy Airport, Chernigov AirportThe list of the main Ukraine bus and railway directions
: Lugansk, Donetsk, Sumy, Nikolaev, Poltava, Dnepropetrovsk, Kerch, Zaporozhye, Kherson, Kirovograd, Cherkassy, Kiev, Chernigov, Odessa, Vinnitsa, Zhitomir, Chernovtsy, Khmelnitskiy, Rovno, Ivano - Frankovsk, Ternopol, Lutsk, Lvov, Uzhgorod, Melitopol. Crimea: Simferopol, Sevastopol, Sudak, Evpatoria, Feodosia, Yalta, Bakhchisarai, Alupka, Alushta, Jankoi, Kharkov.