The first high rise building in Singapore and symbolizes the modernizing of the Singapore police Force. Opposite stood the Old Ice House of Hoo Ah Kay (Whampoa)

Hill Street Police Station is the first high rise building in Singapore. It symbolises the modernisation of Singapore's Police Force in the early 20th century.

The building also houses the Archives, Oral History Department and Offices of the Official Assignee and the Film Censor. It was previously the site of the old Assembly Rooms.

The building which was both the Hill Street Police station as well barracks for the police personnel was erected in 1934. It was occupied in 1935 and renamed for a while as Silver Jubilee Building to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the reign of King George V. Public Works Department Architect F.Dorrington designed this building.

Opposite Hill Street Police Station was Whampoa's Ice House in Boat Quay, now demolished for redevelopment. The Ice House was erected in 1854 by Whampoa (popularly called Hoo Ah Kay). He imported ice from the United States of America. He was also a Counsel for Russia, China and Japan and the first Singaporean to be appointed a Member of the Straits Settlements Legislative Council. His residence, Whampoa House, in Serangoon Road was demolished.

Whampoa was a Singapore pioneer. Whampoa Road and Whampoa Secondary School were named after him.