The headquarters of the Mobilisation Council Chung Kuo Council (China National Council) formed by the Chinese in Singapore to help in defence of Singapore against Japan

As the Japanese Imperial Army advanced southwards across the Malay Peninsula the pro-Communists, the pro-Kuomintang and the Straits Chinese set aside their differences to help the British defend Singapore. A deputation of Chinese leaders met the Governor, Sir Shenton Thomas to offer their services to the country. On 31 December 1941 the Chung Kuo Council (China National Council) was formed under the leadership of the philanthropist Tan Kah Kee; the headquarters of this Council was at 27 Bukit Pasoh Road.

There was enthusiastic response from the Chinese community to help in the defence of Singapore. The Council mobilised a labour force to man essential services and to construct defence works. Lim Bo Seng became head of the Labour Service - he provided thousands of labourers for the British war effort.

The Council also approached the Governor to from a Chinese Military Force. Eventually the government agreed to inform a Singapore Chinese Anti-Japanese Volunteer Battalion - the Dalforce under Lt Colonel John Dalley. The Chinese recruits went through a 10-day crash training programme. They were equipped with all sorts of weapons and provided uniforms. The British also released communists from prison and with agreement with Lai Teck, the Secretary-General of the Malayan Communist Party, organised and trained communists for guerrilla warfare against the Japanese. One hundred and sixty-five men were trained in special guerilla schools and these eventually became the nucleus of the Malayan People's Anti-Japanese Army.

The Communist recruits came from all walks of life; there were College boys, even rickshaw pullers. The young and the old joined this Force.

The initial strength of the Chinese Dalforce was 2000 and they were allotted to different commanders on the island. One company of these Chinese volunteers was assigned to a sector around Kranji where the initial assault of the Japanese force was expected. Some of these men were given the task of patrolling the mangrove swamps as scouts to detect possible Japanese infiltrators.

The Chinese force dug in the mangrove swamps and despite the heavy Japanese shelling these volunteers were amazingly cheerful.

After the Japanese had landed on the beach the Chinese fought the enemy with shot guns and sporting rifles. When their supply of 7 rounds of ammunition had exhausted they resorted to fierce hand to hand combat. Finally the entire Company feel to the enemy. Only one British Officer and five other ranks escaped.

Another Company of the Chinese Dalforce fought a similar heroic battle at Kent Ridge, Pasir Panjang.

The Chinese volunteer force proved their mettle in the Battle for Singapore.