Ashes of Field Marshal Count Terauchi - Commander Japanese Southern Army - are buried here among those of other Japanese military personnel.

Japanese prisoners of war cleared the cemetery immediately after the Japanese Surrender.

Tombstones were erected for various categories of Japanese who had been cremated and their ashes buried in this Cemetery. One inscription in Japanese on a tombstone reads: 'In memory of the souls of the Labour Force comprising Army and Navy Personal who died in Singapore between September 1945 and April 1947.' Under this tombstone are the ashes of more than 10,000 Japanese Prisoners of War. Two small pillars mark the site where the ashes of the 135 Japanese war criminals were tried and sentenced to death lie along with the ashes of another 79. Ashes of those who committed suicide and those of woman who were courtesans of Japanese soldiers during the Occupation are also buried there.

Field Marshal Count Terauchi was Commander of the Japanese Southern Army in Saigon. After the British Surrender in February 1942 Terauchi occupied Government House (Istana).

In September 1945 Terauchi was too ill to surrender personally to Lord Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Commander, South-east Asia Command, at Municipal Building (City Hall). Terauchi, however, sent his sword.

Terauchi was placed under house arrest in Johore Bahru where he died in 1946. He was cremated and his ashes were buried in this Japanese Cemetery Park.

A prominent tombstone has been erected where his ashes have been buried. Fresh flowers are always placed in front of Terauchi's tombstone.