The Hosts of Heaven in Bible and Quran

By: Prof.dr. Ibrahim Khalil

The Host of heaven in the Bible:

The sun, and the moon, and the stars are the host of heaven
Deuteronomy 4:19
And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.
Deuteronomy 17:3
And hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

The LORD is sitting on his throne surrounded by all the host of heaven (Sun, moon and stars).
1 Kings 22:19
And he said, Hear thou therefore the word of the LORD: I saw the LORD sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left.
2 Chronicles 18:18
Again he said, Therefore hear the word of the LORD; I saw the LORD sitting upon his throne, and all the host of heaven standing on his right hand and on his left.

They worshipped all the host of heaven
2 Kings 17:16
And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, even two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal.
2 Kings 21:3
.... and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.
2 Kings 21:5
And he built altars for all the host of heaven
2 Kings 23:4
...all the vessels that were made for Baal, and for the grove, and for all the host of heaven:
2 Kings 23:5
...burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the host of heaven.
2 Chronicles 33:3
...and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.
2 Chronicles 33:5
And he built altars for all the host of heaven
Nehemiah 9:6
...and the host of heaven worshippeth thee.
Jeremiah 19:13
...they have burned incense unto all the host of heaven, and have poured out drink offerings unto other gods.
Zephaniah 1:5
And them that worship the host of heaven...
Acts 7:42
Then God turned, and gave them up to worship the host of heaven;

The entire host the heavens were made by the Lord's the breath of his mouth
Psalm 33:6
By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.

The Lord commanded the host the heavens
Isaiah 45:12
I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.

They shall be for dung upon the face of the earth.
Jeremiah 8:2
And they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all the host of heaven, whom they have loved, and whom they have served, and after whom they have walked, and whom they have sought, and whom they have worshipped: they shall not be gathered, nor be buried; they shall be for dung upon the face of the earth.

The host of heaven cannot be numbered
Jeremiah 33:22
As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured:

The queen of heaven
Jeremiah 44:25
Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her: ye will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows.

It cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.
Is it possible to cast down some of the stars to the ground?
Which is very huge in size in comparison to the Earth? Some stars or the earth?
Daniel 8:10
And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.
A multitude of the heavenly host praising God with the angel
Luke 2:13
And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,

The Host of heaven in the Quran:

The hosts of the heavens and the earth are belonged to Allah
Surah 48:4
it is he who sent down peace of reassurance into the hearts of the believers, that they may add faith to their faith;- for to Allah belong the hosts of the heavens and the earth; and Allah is ever knower, wise -

Surah 48:7
For to Allah belong the hosts of the heavens and the earth; and Allah is exalted in power, ever mighty, full of wisdom.

The guardians of the hell are 19 Angels.
None can know the hosts of Allah but Allah.
Surah 74:31
and we have set none but angels as guardians of the fire (hell); and we have fixed their number only as a trial for unbelievers,- in order that the people of the book may arrive at certainty, and the believers may increase in faith,- and that no doubts may be left for the people of the book and the believers, and that those in whose hearts is a disease and the unbelievers may say, "what symbol doth Allah intend by this?" thus doth Allah leave to stray whom he pleaseth, and guide whom he pleaseth: and none can know the hosts of your lord but he himself, and this is no other than a warning to mankind.( this is naught else than a reminder unto mortals)

When this verse had revealed, the ignorant Arabs who denied the Quran said that they could easily beat these 19 Angels; every 12 men will grasp and cast down one Angel. They believed they would beat the 19 guardians of the hell then will go forth to the paradise. They were very ignorant and had no idea about the size of an Angel. The size of one small Angel may be more than the size of the entire Earth.
The verse also says that none can know the hosts of Allah but Allah.
Allah knows the total number, the sizes, the consistency, the job and everything about His hosts.
It should be emphasized that the Quran mentions two types of Allah's hosts, the hosts of the heaven and the hosts of the Earth.
If we -for example- consider the microbes as the hosts of the Earth; could anyone knows their total numbers? The number of microbes inside your body or in soil is far away from your thoughts.

Another big difference between the Quran and the Bible is that the Bible considers the sun, moon and stars as the hosts of the heaven while the Quran considers them as creatures which represent signs for Allah the almighty (41:37).

Surah 41:37:
Among his signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. do not prostrate to the sun and the moon, but prostrate to Allah, who created them, if it is him ye wish to serve.

Back to the main topic of my series of articles (1- 50); this is my question to you smart readers: "Is the Quran quoted from the Bible "?

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