The Linguistic Uses of Heap in Bible and Quran

By: Prof.dr. Ibrahim Khalil

Before dealing with the topic of the Heap in Quran versus Bible versus sciences, it is mandatory to remember that the total words in the Bible are 788,280 while the total words in the Quran are 77,473. It follows that, the Bible is more than 10 times the Quran word-wise.
The Heap is mentioned 58 times in the Bible and three times in the Quran, i.e. the Bible mentions the Heap more than 19 times as does the Quran
In other words, the Bible has the potential of more than 10 times (word-wise) and more than 19 times (subject-wise) than the Quran to talk about the Heap.

The Heap in the Bible:
The Lord thy God says: burn with fire the city, it shall be an Heap for ever and shall not be built again.
Deuteronomy 13:16
And thou shalt gather all the spoil of it into the midst of the street thereof, and shalt burn with fire the city, and all the spoil thereof every whit, for the Lord thy God: and it shall be an Heap for ever; it shall not be built again.

I will Heap mischiefs and spend mine arrows upon them
Deuteronomy 32:23
I will Heap mischiefs upon them; I will spend mine arrows upon them.

So the Lord turned from the fierceness of his anger
Joshua 7:25-26
25 ...And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones.
26And they raised over him a great Heap of stones unto this day. So the Lord turned from the fierceness of his anger.

Joshua burnt Ai, and made it an Heap for ever
Joshua 8:28
And Joshua burnt Ai, and made it an Heap for ever, even a desolation unto this day.

a great Heap of stones is made upon the carcase of the king of Ai
Joshua 8:29
And the king of Ai he hanged on a tree until eventide: and as soon as the sun was down, Joshua commanded that they should take his carcase down from the tree, and cast it at the entering of the gate of the city, and raise thereon a great Heap of stones, that remaineth unto this day.

With the jawbone of an ass, Heaps upon Heaps, Samson had slain a thousand men.

Judges 15:16
And Samson said, With the jawbone of an ass, Heaps upon Heaps, with the jaw of an ass have I slain a thousand men.

a very great Heap of stones upon Absalom
2 Samuel 18:17
And they took Absalom, and cast him into a great pit in the wood, and laid a very great Heap of stones upon him: and all Israel fled every one to his tent.

two Heaps upon the heads of the king's sons
2 Kings 10:8
And there came a messenger, and told him, saying, They have brought the heads of the king's sons. And he said, Lay ye them in two Heaps at the entering in of the gate until the morning.

I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste fenced cities into ruinous Heaps.
2 Kings 19:25
Hast thou not heard long ago how I have done it, and of ancient times that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste fenced cities into ruinous Heaps.

Isaiah 25:2
For thou hast made of a city an Heap; of a defenced city a ruin: a palace of strangers to be no city; it shall never be built.

Isaiah 37:26
Hast thou not heard long ago, how I have done it; and of ancient times, that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste defenced cities into ruinous Heaps.

Jeremiah 9:11
And I will make Jerusalem Heaps, and a den of dragons; and I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant.

Jeremiah 26:18
Micah the Morasthite prophesied in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah, and spake to all the people of Judah, saying, Thus saith the Lord of hosts; Zion shall be plowed like a field, and Jerusalem shall become Heaps, and the mountain of the house as the high places of a forest.

Jeremiah 49:2
Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will cause an alarm of war to be heard in Rabbah of the Ammonites; and it shall be a desolate Heap, and her daughters shall be burned with fire: then shall Israel be heir unto them that were his heirs, saith the Lord.

Jeremiah 50:26
Come against her from the utmost border, open her storehouses: cast her up as Heaps, and destroy her utterly: let nothing of her be left.

Jeremiah 51:37
And Babylon shall become Heaps, a dwelling place for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant.

Ezekiel 24:10
Heap on wood, kindle the fire, consume the flesh, and spice it well, and let the bones be burned.
Micah 1:6
Therefore I will make Samaria as a Heap of the field, and as plantings of a vineyard: and I will pour down the stones thereof into the valley, and I will discover the foundations thereof.

Micah 3:12
Therefore shall Zion for your sake be plowed as a field, and Jerusalem shall become Heaps, and the mountain of the house as the high places of the forest.

Habakkuk 1:10
And they shall scoff at the kings, and the princes shall be a scorn unto them: they shall deride every strong hold; for they shall Heap dust, and take it.

Habakkuk 2:5
Yea also, because he transgresseth by wine, he is a proud man, neither keepeth at home, who enlargeth his desire as hell, and is as death, and cannot be satisfied, but gathereth unto him all nations, and Heapeth unto him all people:

Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous Heap.
Isaiah 17:1
The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous Heap.

the harvest shall be a Heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow.
Isaiah 17:11
In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: but the harvest shall be a Heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow.

James 5:3
Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have Heaped treasure together for the last days.

they did eat there upon the Heap
Genesis 31:46
... they did eat there upon the Heap.

The Heap is a witness
Genesis 31:48
This Heap is a witness between me and thee this day.
Genesis 31:52
This Heap be witness, and this pillar be witness, that I will not pass over this Heap to thee...

Behold this Heap
Genesis 31:51
Behold this Heap, and behold this pillar...

they gathered them together upon Heaps
Exodus 8:14
And they gathered them together upon Heaps..

The floods stood upright as an Heap
The waters shall stand upon an Heap.
The waters stood and rose up upon an Heap
God gathered the waters of the sea as an Heap
God made the waters to stand as an Heap
The Heap of great waters

Exodus 15:8
And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as an Heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea.
Joshua 3:13
And it shall come to pass, as soon as the soles of the feet of the priests that bear the ark of the Lord, the Lord of all the earth, shall rest in the waters of Jordan, that the waters of Jordan shall be cut off from the waters that come down from above; and they shall stand upon an Heap.
Joshua 3:16
That the waters which came down from above stood and rose up upon an Heap very far from the city Adam, that is beside Zaretan: and those that came down toward the sea of the plain, even the salt sea, failed, and were cut off: and the people passed over right against Jericho.
Psalm 33:7
He gathereth the waters of the sea together as an Heap: he layeth up the depth in storehouses.
Psalm 78:13
He divided the sea, and caused them to pass through; and he made the waters to stand as an Heap.
Habakkuk 3:15
Thou didst walk through the sea with thine horses, through the Heap of great waters.

Other Biblical uses of Heaps:
Ruth 3:7
... he went to lie down at the end of the Heap of corn...

2 Chronicles 31:6
they also brought in the tithe of oxen and sheep, and the tithe of holy things which were consecrated unto the Lord their God, and laid them by Heaps.

2 Chronicles 31:7
... they began to lay the foundation of the Heaps, and finished them in the seventh month.

2 Chronicles 31:8
And when Hezekiah and the princes came and saw the Heaps, they blessed the Lord ...

2 Chronicles 31:9
Then Hezekiah questioned with the priests and the Levites concerning the Heaps.

Nehemiah 4:2
will they revive the stones out of the Heaps of the rubbish which are burned?
Job 8:17
His roots are wrapped about the Heap, and seeth the place of stones.

Job 15:28
... In houses which no man inhabiteth, which are ready to become Heaps.

Job 16:4
... I could Heap up words against you, and shake mine head at you.

Job 27:16
Though he Heap up silver as the dust, and prepare raiment as the clay;

Job 36:13
But the hypocrites in heart Heap up wrath: they cry not when he bindeth them.

Psalm 39:6
... he Heapeth up riches, and knoweth not who shall gather them.

Psalm 79:1
O god, the heathen are come into thine inheritance; thy holy temple have they defiled; they have laid Jerusalem on Heaps.

Proverbs 25:22
For thou shalt Heap coals of fire upon his head, and the Lord shall reward thee.

Ecclesiastes 2:26
... but to the sinner he giveth travail, to gather and to Heap up, that he may give to him that is good before God. This also is vanity and vexation of spirit.

Song of Solomon 7:1-3
1How beautiful are thy feet with shoes, O prince's daughter! the joints of thy thighs are like jewels, the work of the hands of a cunning workman.
2Thy navel is like a round goblet, which wanteth not liquor: thy belly is like an Heap of wheat set about with lilies.
3Thy two breasts are like two young roes that are twins.

Jeremiah 30:18
... and the city shall be builded upon her own Heap, and the palace shall remain after the manner thereof.

Jeremiah 31:21
Set thee up way marks, make thee high Heaps: set thine heart toward the highway ...

Hosea 12:11
....their altars are as Heaps in the furrows of the fields.

Haggai 2:16
... when one came to a Heap of twenty measures...

Zechariah 9:3
And Tyrus did build herself a strong hold, and Heaped up silver as the dust, and fine gold as the mire of the streets.
Romans 12:20
Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt Heap coals of fire on his head.

2 Timothy 4:3
For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they Heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;

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The Heap in the Quran:

Although the Heap is mentioned three times in the Quran, however, the meanings of the three verses of the Heap are not found in the Bible. The Quran talks about the Human nature and behavior, The Last day in this life and the Heap in the Everlasting Life.

Human nature and behavior:

Surah: 3, Verse: 14
Fair in the eyes of men is the love of things they covet: women and sons; Heaped-up hoards of gold and silver; horses branded (for blood and excellence); and (wealth of) cattle and well-tilled land. Such are the possessions of this world's life; but in nearness to Allah is the best of the goals (to return to).

The Last day in this life:

Surah: 73, Verse: 14
One Day the earth and the mountains will be in violent commotion. And the mountains will be as a Heap of sand poured out and flowing down.

The Heap in the Everlasting Life:

Surah: 8, Verse: 37

In order that Allah may separate the impure from the pure, put the impure, one on another, Heap them together, and cast them into Hell. They will be the ones to have lost.


Back to the main topic of my series of articles (1- 67); this is my question to you smart readers: "Is the Quran quoted from the Bible "?

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