Hypocalcemia Treatment Information

By: Juliet Cohen

Hypocalcemia is life-threatening condition. Hypocalcemia is an electrolyte imbalance and is indicated by a low level of calcium in the blood. The normal concentration of free calcium ions in the blood serum is 4.0-6.0 mg/dL. The causes of hypocalcemia are either from increased loss of calcium from the circulation or from insufficient entry of calcium into the circulation. Parathyroid hormone controls and maintains plasma calcium levels. The hormone exerts its effect on the kidneys, where it triggers the synthesis of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D. Thus, hypocalcemia can be independently caused by damage to the parathyroid gland or to the kidneys.

A complication of chemotherapy, tumor lysis syndrome are contribute cause of hypocalcemia. Vitamin D, however, helps you to absorb calcium in your body. Symptoms of severe hypocalcemia include numbness or tingling around the mouth or in the feet and hands, as well as in muscle spasms in the face, feet, and hands. Hypocalcemia can also result in depression, memory loss, or hallucinations. Severe hypocalcemia occurs when serum free calcium is under 3 mg/dL. Chronic and moderate hypocalcemia can result in cataracts (damage to the eyes). Hypocalcemia spans all ages.

Supportive treatment often is required prior to directed treatment of hypocalcemia. Oral vitamin D supplements can increase gastrointestinal absorption of calcium. Phosphorus levels should also be controlled. Hypocalcemia resulting from magnesium deficiency tends to occur in chronic alcoholics, and this type of hypocalcemia can be prevented by reducing alcohol consumption and increasing the intake of healthful food. Hypocalcemia can be prevented by reducing alcohol consumption and increasing the intake of healthful food.

Hypocalcemia Treatment and Prevention Tips

1. Increasing the intake of healthful food.

2. Hypocalcemia can be prevented by reducing alcohol consumption

3. Oral calcium supplements are prescribed for long term treatment of hypocalcemia

4. Oral vitamin D supplements can increase gastrointestinal absorption of calcium.

5. Adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D are consumed each day

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