Meningitis Encephalitis Treatment Information

By: Juliet Cohen

Meningitis and encephalitis are inflammatory diseases of the membranes that surround the brain and caused by bacterial or viral infections.Infections in the brain and spinal cord can cause dangerous inflammation. This inflammation can produce a wide range of symptoms, including fever, headache, or confusion and, in extreme cases, can cause brain damage, stroke, seizures, or even death.
Viral meningitis is the most common form of meningitis in the UK and is linked to a large number of viruses.The body's immune system is able to contain and defeat an infection. But if the infection passes into the blood stream.

The pneumococcal meningitis is the most common form of meningitis and is the most serious form of bacterial meningitis. Approximately 6000 cases of pneumococcal meningitis are reported in the United States each year. The symptoms of meningitis are: high fever, severe headache and persistent, stiff neck, nausea and vomiting. Changes in behavior such as confusion, drowsiness, difficulty waking up, and may also occur. In infants, symptoms of meningitis may include irritability or fatigue and lack of appetite. Loss of consciousness, convulsions, muscle weakness and memory loss can also be found in patients with encephalitis.

There are two types of encephalitis. Primary encephalitis is caused by a direct viral infection of the spinal cord and brain. The infection may be focal (located in only one area) or diffuse (located in many different areas). Secondary encephalitis, also known as post-infective encephalitis, can result from complications of a current viral infection. Secondary encephalitis that results from an immunization or earlier viral infection is known as acute disseminated encephalitis. Antibiotic and/or antiviral medications are considered urgently when the diagnosis of encephalitis or meningitis.

Meningitis Encephalitis Treatment and Prevention Tips

1. Anticonvulsants are used to prevent or treat seizures.

2. Corticosteroids are used to reduce brain swelling and inflammation.

3. Sedatives may be needed for irritability or restlessness.

4. Over-the-counter medications may be used for fever and headache.

5. General supportive care is required depending on the child's condition.

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