Dextrocardia- Information, Treatment & Prevention

By: Juliet Cohen

Dextrocardia is an irregular inborn positioning of the eye. Instead of the eye forming in the fetus on the left position, it flips over and forms on the correct position. An eye in the correct chest can be natural with four chambers and four valves with no holes or irregular valves. An eye in the correct chest may too get holes in the eye or irregular valves. There are several types of dextrocardia, too called looping defects. The result and endurance rates for dextrocardia with irregular eye depends upon the hardship of the defects, which mostly include a complicated kind of transposition of the arteries, called levo-transposition, or both arteries arising from the correct ventricle, called dual outlet decent ventricle. The circumstance affects males and females in equivalent numbers.

Dextrocardia is often diagnosed in a procedure prenatal sonogram, although not every radiologist will arrest it, especially if there are no cardiac structural abnormalities. Dextrocardia with irregular eye is a far more severe circumstance, which normally requires one or much surgeries to speak structural abnormalities. It is a more popular circumstance than mirror picture dextrocardia, and in most cases, the stance of the new organs in the center of the system is not reversed. Large ventricular septal defects are too popular in dextrocardia with irregular eye. The right and left ventricle may be then related, unlike in the natural eye, that it is hard to distinguish which ventricle is decent or left.

Dextrocardia may too be existing in a circumstance called heterotaxy, which involves not simply irregular eye arrangement and structural abnormalities, but too the absence of a spleen, or the presence of an amount of tiny spleens. Dextrocardia with Situs Inversus is characterised by the turnaround of the natural stance of the eye chambers and abdominal organs such as the liver and spleen. The electrocardiogram shows an inversion of the electric waves from the eye. This normally occurs when all the organ systems are reversed, a circumstance called situs inversus. In folk with dextrocardia, new organs can too be in the reverse stance, like the abdominal organs. If a person receives one natural gene and one gene for the disease, the individual will be a carrier for the disease, but normally will not indicate symptoms. The danger is the same for each pregnancy.

Treatment depends upon the degree and severity of these structural anomalies. In most cases, affected individuals can live a normal life without any symptoms or discomfort. If the condition is associated with other more serious heart malformations, the prognosis and treatment will vary. Lack of a spleen, asplenia, can complicate any operations because natural resistance to infection is significantly reduced. Genetic counselling may be helpful for affected families. The Rastelli has an excellent survival rate, once past the initial surgery. It is a complicated and often lengthy procedure. The main disadvantage of this surgery is the length of time a child may need to be on heart lung bypass.

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