History of Mobile Phones

By: Ian Ball

The history behind the making of mobile phones can be traced to the late 1940s when mobile phones were introduced for mobile phone base stations AT&T. The first Mobile Telephone System (MTA) was develop by Ericsson and released in 1956. It was a unique system because it did not require any kind of manual control.

In the 1960's mobile phones had to stay within the cell area serviced by one base station. This started to change in the 1970's. Bell Labs came forth with a mobile phone system that enabled mobile phones to move through several cell areas when a single conversation was held without making a compromise on call quality.

Then in 1973, Motorola manager Martin Cooper stunned everyone by using the first practical mobile phone. This was a handheld device that could be used from anywhere. The handset of this phone was quite heavy. Mobile phone require a cellular network for conducting calls over long distance and while there is movement from one place to another. In 1979, NTT from Japan launched the world's first commercial cellular network. In the 1980's cellular network started to gain a foothold with many automatic cellular networks coming out.

Finally by the end of the 1980's there came in full use of mobile phones in Europe and North America, which was followed by an unprecedented liking for these portable devices from the rest of the world. This was the period for the 1G mobile phone and in the U.S. The first of the 1G mobile phone was the Motorola DynaTAC 8000X. However one thing about mobile phones during all this time is that they were not easy to carry or handle, in other words convenience was not a very high factor for the user.

The 1990's saw the reduction in the size of mobile phones with mobile phones become slimmer and sleeker for usage. What was initially analog, now turned digital and cellular network have also become increasingly more and more reliable. This period saw the coming of the second generation' (2G) mobile phone systems. Such system include feature such as GSM, IS-136, iDEN and IS-95 or CDMA.

The coming 3G mobile phones signaled the coming in of IMT-2000 standardization processing. Today's 3G mobiles include Cameras, Multimedia, MP3, Hands-free, PDA features and Wi-Fi with the set of features growing steadily year after year, offering more benefits to mobile phone users. They are slimmer and sleeker to carry than their 1G counterpart and are more fun and exciting for their users.

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