History of Mobile Phone

By: Ian Ball

Early Years

It was December, 1947, when two of the Bell Lab engineers, Douglas H. Ring and W. Rae Young, proposed the idea of hexagonal cells that can be used in the mobile phones. These two talented individuals are adored as the pioneers in the history of mobile phone.

In 1926, European civilization also witnessed a wonderful communicative innovation in the form of radio telephony that was used to communicate in first class passenger train traveling from Hamburg to Berlin.

The first fully automated mobile phone, known as MTA, was invented by Ericsson. It was released in Sweden in 1956. It weighed 40kgs.

Bell Labs instigated the trial of first commercial mobile network with AMPS during 1978. It was based in Chicago.

First Generation

Motorola DynaTAC 8000X was known as the first hand-held first generation mobile phone. It is Motorola that initially introduced portable mobile phone in the size of a briefcase. NMT, TACS, C-Netz, AMPS, and Radiocom-2000 were known to belong within first generation mobile phones.

However, the size was significantly bigger by that time as it was meant to be installed in the car at its initial stages.

Second Generation

It was beginning of 90s, the second generation mobile phones were introduced with the innovation of digital cellular phone system. Examples include GSM, iDEN, IS-136, IS-95.

The second generation mobile phones also assured with the tiny packaging instead of brick size pattern. The technological improvements had been remarkably noticed with the long-life battery and other energy efficient electronic utilities.

Third Generation

The development of third generation mobile phones took place with the introduction of several standardizations rather than singular standardized method. While shifting from second generation to third generation, a transitory level has also been observed with the introduction of CDMA2000 1X and GPRS system. The level was exclusively known as 2.5G, which is an extension of second generation network.

At the beginning of 21st century, the third generation mobile phones are available to the mass. It features high data transfer rate along with a full range of multimedia services. Examples include UMTS and CDMA2000 1XEV-DO.

orange mobile phones

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