Currency Trading in Forex Market For Beginners

By: Sam Beatson

The foreign currency exchange gives a platform for the exchange of money from one countrys currency to that of another. As the market with the worlds highest daily turnover with more than $2 trillion being traded by the market, the currency traders in the world out-trade the US stock market, the world's largest equity market.

A huge contrast to the aforementioned US stock market, is that the forex market relatively unregulated. There is simply no centralized exchange and from the start of the New Zealand open on a Sunday night through to the close of the US session on Friday, the forex market moves 24 hours a day, over 5 days per week.

For the retail trader, deals can be executed through telephone transactions with a forex broker or via the internet - hence "online currency trading". As a worldwide system made up of banks, institutions (eg conglomerate enterprises) the trading takes place in real time, with transfer of funds approx 2 days later aka the Spot value. The different times of the markets functioning eg. US session, Asia session gives the market a different "personality" - volatility and volume traded during the UK session will be different to that of the Asia session normally.

The Evolution of the Currency Markets (FX)

In earlier times, individual retail investors in the forex market could only gain access through banks using large amounts of capital and would take place for business and investment purposes. The banks would do the business for the client. As time has gone on, trading volumes have dramatically risen, particularly after free floating of exchange rates.

A key commodity, foreign exchange allows enterprises to buy and sell goods with overseas country businesses and services, making a supply and demand component which creates a true market. The bank will try to get the best deal for the business client and so a form of bartering takes place of one currency for another. Trading for speculation also exists within banks, institutions and of course, the retail trader forex market. Any individual can take part in the currency market, provided he or she has some resources and has put time in to learn how to trade and recognise the fine points of trading the currency markets.

As with any investment there are pros and cons. High risk means that, again, like with most investments, you can lose all you invest, and this needs to be taken on board so that money traded is that which can be afforded. There is a lot of talk about forex scam brokerages, (forex scams) and because of the lack of regulation of the forex market, there is an open platform for forex scams in various forms.

There are also advantages such as that a retail trader can learn to trade from an already successful trader through a mentoring program, there are also several good books on online currency trading. It is easy to set up an account with a forex broker, who will normally offer leverage meaning a fraction of what is being traded is actually required as a margin deposit to secure any potential losses on the part of the trader.

To make an income, there must be a variation in the exchange rates between a pair of currencies. The market is liquid and can be volatile. Currencies continuously change against each other in response to world events, financial announcements, professional investor behavior and historical market performance. This happens regardless of the economic conditions in individual countries since each currency affects another. The forex market has been described as the supreme marketplace and is without doubt recession proof.

Foreign Exchange
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