The Word Al-kitab as Per Quran

By: M.Farrukh Pervaiz Bhatti

There is a concept of previously reveled four Holy Books like Moosa (pbuh) got [[Torah]], four [[Gospels]] as Injil, given to Easa (pbuh), Zabur given to Dawood (pbuh) and finally [[Qur'an]] came to Mohammad (pbuh ), this concept of four reveled Holy Books is based mainly on few words, like AL-kitab, Kutub, Nazil and Tanzil. In the whole world the scholars, writing books or articles, are referring these above mentioned words to previous scriptures or four Holy Books. Nobody is looking in the text of AL-Quran where these words are written and explained by Allah too in the text of AL-Quran, which has nothing to do with the concept of four Holy Books. We have to look this word in Book of Allah too, to understand, what exactly the Qur'an is saying in it's text about this word AL-kitab?. The text of Qura'n says to ponder in the verses of Qura'n
That is why the word AL-kitab has been taken here to explain it with the help of verses of AL-Quran.
== AL kitab as per text of AL-Qur'an==
This word exists in many verse the of Book of Qur'an, [http://www.searchtruth.com/...=&translator=1&search=1&start=0&records_display=10&search_word=any]and no where is referred by Allah to his previous scriptures.As per Text of Al-kitab this word AL-kitab has many attributes, like Quran, Furqan.{{Quran-usc|2|185|style=nosup}} Because the scholars have first translated the above mentioned words as previous scriptures, that is why referring verses of Book of Allah containing the word AL-kitab, kutubehi, At-taurah and AL-Injeel to four Holy Books to establish their concept of four books, where as in Book of Allah is written that Easa (pbuh) was given the knowledge of four things i.e. AL-kitab, Al-Hikamt, At-taurat and AL-Injeel, which are four and not only alone Injeel. The verse in which the word, AL-Injeel is given to Easa (pbuh) is written that verse has been quoted by people with out understanding the word AL-Injeel as per that verse. To understand these terms "AL-kitab", "kutub", As per text of AL-kitab, The term AL-kitab must be understand from the text of AL-kitab first, which is revealed with all prophets, {{Quran-usc|2|213|style=nosup}} in this ayats prophets are in plural and the book is in singular i.e. AL-kitab is with all prophets.This is not the only ayat in the Book of Allah which tells the one Book of Allah with all prophets mentioned in AL-kitab, But many ayats in which names of prophets are mentioned,{{Quran-usc|6|83|end=88|style=nosup}} to whom Allah has given this same AL-kitab.{{Quran-usc|6|89|style=nosup}}On the last day the Book which is same AL-kitab, again in singular, will be placed to judge mankind and prophets which are written in plural will be brought forward.{{Quran-usc|39|69|style=nosup}}No where in text of AL-kitab is written that Allah has given different books to his messengers, But on the contrary, Allah is asking to bring a book before this Book from the people, if they are speaking the truth regarding the previous books.{{Quran-usc|46|4|style=nosup}}
==What is At-taurah as per text of AL-kitab.==
This Al-kitab has two types of ayats, one type is mohkumat i.e.

ayats having orders,{{Quran-usc|3|7|style=nosup}} The ayats having orders of Allah are called ("hukum Allah") and this hukum Allah is in At-taurah of AL-kitab{{Quran-usc|5|43|style=nosup}}At-taurah is with prophets which are in plural, All the prophets governed with At-taurah.{{Quran-usc|5|44|style=nosup}}The plural of this word is kutub and this is also used by many scholars as previous scriptures. But as per text of Al-kitab recites purified pages in the pages are kutub, this means "writing", Because pages contains writings and many pages forms a book that is why here other than writing cannot be written.{{Quran-usc|98|2|end=3|style=nosup}}
In the light of 98:2-3, H/K/Sabeeh has translated this word as writing[http://www.islamawakened.com/Quran/98/3/] the term ("kutubehi") as per AL-kitab means his writing and not previous scriptures.
==Ahlalkitab (people of the Book) as per text of Qura'n==
The term Ahlalkitab, As per text of AL-kitab meaning "people of the book" or "family of the Book" is referred to the people, Holding this AL-kitab of Allah and the people among the mo'minoon are Ahlalkitab and not people of previous scriptures.{{Quran-usc|3|110|style=nosup}}
==The Book of Allah was present before Mohammad (pbuh).==
In the light of above references of AL-kitab, it is very clear that Book of Allah exists since day one to guide mankind, and the messenger opened that hidden portion of the Book which the people of book were hiding. That is why no new Book of Allah was introduced by messenger Mohammad (pbuh), but the same Book which was holding people of the book the messenger of Allah preached. {{Quran-usc|5|15|style=nosup}}the existence and revelation of Book are not one and same things but two different things i.e. same previously Existed Book was revealed on to the messenger of Allah. These two Books i.e. existed and revealed Books are clearly written in this verse of Qura'n where two Al-kitab words with the word ("Kutubehi") are written in this same one verse of Qura'n. The One Al-kitab is revealing to messenger and one is existing before this, the word kutubehi, is referring to these two Books AL-kitab and not previous scriptures because the both words Al-kitab are written in singular.{{Quran-usc|4|136|style=nosup}}To clarify doubts in which Allah has revealed, ask those who are reciting the Book from before you i.e. again the AL-kitab in singular, read by the people, and present from before.{{Quran-usc|10|94|style=nosup}}
==AL-Injeel as per Text of Qura'n given to Easa (pbuh).==
The AL-Injeel given to Easa (pbuh) is verifying what is between in his two hands from At-taurat, this verification is the sermon and guidance for "mutaqeen" those who guard and not four [[Gospels]]i.e. not referring to the revelation transmitted by "Islamic view of Jesus|Isa" (Jesus), and also doesn't mean the scripture possessed and read by the Christian contemporaries of [[Mohammed]] (V, 51; VII, 156). The Qur'an refers to the message of Easa, the contents of the revelation contained in the Al-Injil transmitted by Easa (pbuh) are guidance and Sermon for those who guard, which are not referring to old or new testament as [[Injil]] of Easa (pbuh).{{Quran-usc|5|46|style=nosup}}.
==Moosa (pbuh) got AL-kitab and Furqan as per verses of Qura'n==
At-taurah of Al-kitab is not Referring to [[Torah]] given to Moses (pbuh) alone. No where in Book of Allah is written that Moosa (pbuh) got only ("Torah") but got Al-kitab, Furqan.{{Quran-usc|2|53|style=nosup}}
This is the reason that actual quotations from the Torah in the Qur'an are very few and inexact [[Tawrat]], because the At-taurah of Al-kitab and Hebrew Torah are two different things. Al-kitab is referring its governing ayats to At-taurah and not to Hebrew [[Torah]]. At-taurah of Al-kitab means "The law", which is written in next ayat of AL-kitab.{{Quran-usc|5|45|style=nosup}}as per text of AL-kitab regarding
==Zabur is after Qura'n and no any 4 Books==
Of course it is written in Qura'n that we gave Dawood Zabur, but it doesn't mean that Zabur was a previous scripture because
In another verse is written that we have written in the Zabur after Zikar,{{Quran-usc|21|105|style=nosup}}and Zikar is an attribute of AL-kitab.{{Quran-usc|41|41|style=nosup}}. Which tells very clearly that Zabur as per text of AL-kitab Zabur is after Qur'an, and nobody is believing that after Qura'an is also any revealed book. That is why it is again an attribute of AL-kitab meaning piece. which is an attribute of AL-kitab meaning reading of AL-kitab,{{Quran-usc|10|37|style=nosup}} The books from which the people are studying and taking information about the words "kutub", "Tanzil" [[Qur'an]] and referring to previous scriptures are also not given them by Allah {{Quran-usc|34|44|style=nosup}}.By considering At-turah as "governing ayats" and sermon of governing ayats as AL-Injeel, no any ayat will refer to previous scriptures. That is why just reading from AL-kitab that that Allah has given AL-Injil to Easa (pbuh) and Zabur to Dawood (pbuh) does not mean that previous scriptures but these are defined by Allah in his AL-kitab.

==References==
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