Bankruptcy Definitions

By: Usha Pradhan

Bankruptcy means an official declaration of economic failure or mutilation of ability of a person or company to pay their creditors. A bankruptcy petition may be filed against a debtor. Sometimes creditors file this kind of "involuntary bankruptcy" petition to recover their due payment.

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Bankruptcy means an official declaration of economic failure or mutilation of ability of a person or company to pay their creditors. A bankruptcy petition may be filed against a debtor. Sometimes creditors file this kind of "involuntary bankruptcy" petition to recover their due payment. In most of the cases, however, the debtor, individual or organization, initiates the economic collapse, known as the "voluntary bankruptcy".

Know More 1: The word bankruptcy shares its root with the ancient Latin bancus (a bench, table or bank) and ruptus (broken).

Therefore, in other words, bankruptcy is a legal filing that relieves a person of responsibility for all or some of their debts because they are unable to pay. Credit history or , as you wish to call it, is nothing but, the record of past borrowing and repaying of an individual or company. This record, as you understand, includes information about late payments and bankruptcy as well.

Fact 1: Bankruptcy is submitted to the jurisdiction of the bankruptcy court

allows the unfortunate debtor an honest and "fresh start" in financial life by relieving most debts. It also allows creditors to restore some portions of what they owe.

Records say that consumers who have effectively cleaned their credit report denied a bankruptcy or judgment, second and even a third time, and finally they got it cleared. So never get discouraged! Your patience and resolution could be the two important keys in repairing a damaged credit report.

Fact 2: Bankruptcy case begins by legally filing a petition containing defaulter's economic information.

How well is this going to work for you depend on how patiently you try ...

However, you must know that certain items are easier to remove than others.

Fact 3: A married couple may file a joint petition.

Here is a list of easier Items to dispute and get removed Stuff older than 2 years:

* Discharged bankruptcy
* Charge-offs
* Inquiries
* Repossessions
* Late payments
* Accounts that were late but now paid off

Fact 4: Liquidation and Reorganization are two common forms of bankruptcy.

Do you know why it is so? It is simple! When you challenge an older account or item presently charged off, the creditor is not too bothered with the account any more. Even they may fail to find the required information to bear out the dispute.

Know More 2: Some scholars still believe that the term bankruptcy is originated from the Italian banco rotto meaning broken bank.

And a list of more difficult items to dispute:

* Accounts currently due
* Recent bankruptcy
* Judgments
* IRS or State Tax Liens
* Current collection accounts

Fact 5: liquidation bankruptcy is a kind of bankruptcy in which the defaulter's non-exempt (means legally unprotected) asset/possessions/properties are distributed to suit creditor claiming.

These are the items which you can say are trickier as creditors keep track of these in their current files and expect you to pay them. This is the reason why it will be easier for them to verify the information and keep the item on your credit file. However, it is always good to try.

Fact 6: In reorganization bankruptcy the defaulter rearranges/redistributes possessions and unpaid amounts.

Important: It is completely legal for you to contest items on your credit file even though you know they are correct. When you do so, you are only trying to see if your creditors have maintained proper account to verify the dispute. Your pretext could be a very bad memory that makes you forget that the negative accounts on your credit file are really yours ... and in case they are unable to verify your dispute, it must be removed from your file, this is what the law says!!

Know More 3: In the years 1557, 1560, 1575 and 1596 four state bankruptcy cases were declared by Philip II of Spain. Thus historically, Spain, the sovereign nation, held the first place to declare bankruptcy.

Removing Negative Credit

First, identify the negative items that you want removed.

Secondly, after you review your updated credit file and getting most or all the negative items removed, you may go for building a positive credit profile. Positive information will always overshadow the residual negative items that may still remain in your file.

Fact 7: The law of United States offers a single chapter on liquidation bankruptcy (chapter 7); all other chapters are provided only for reorganization bankruptcy (chapter 9, chapter 11, chapter 12 and chapter 13.)

Thirdly, as you know already, if the dispute is sent in from anyone other than you, it raises all sorts of Red Flags. As they themselves make so many mistakes they believe you are working alone and trying to fix a real lawful mistake.

If there is a negative item, such as a bankruptcy, charge off or collection account, just write it that this is NOT your account and you want it removed immediately.

Fourthly, if in case the creditor is able to supply you with the written proof you asked for, propose to settle the debt for 10 cents on the dollar if you have the money. Thus, if you owe $1,000, offer $100 to the creditor. If they refuse, tell them that you will file Bankruptcy and they will get nothing. This will certainly open them up to negotiating with you.

"Bankruptcy is a legal proceeding in which you put your money in your pants pocket and give your coat to your creditors." ~ Joey Adams

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