Baotou - The Biggest City in Inner Mongolia

By: Wolfgang Jaegel

Lying on the Hetao and Tumochuan Flatlands and situated in the northern banks of the Yellow River, Baotou is the largest city in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous region, in the People's Republic of China.

Baotou is only 600 km from the capital city, Beijing. Located in the southern region of the Mongolian Plateau, Baotou has to the north the Gobi Desert. With an area of about 28,000 square kilometers, Baotou is a strategic location that connects the Bohai Economic Zone with the north-west.

Baotou is credited to have the country's largest rare earth industrial base, and is also much famed for its facilities that are available for the production of steel, iron, machinery, and textiles. Since it is located in the Yinshan-Tianshan region, the area surrounding Baotou abounds in mineral resources, and it is estimated that there are more than 400 mines for several resources such as metals, non metals, and energy.

However, Baotou is not only famed as an industrial city but also a great tourist spot with a rich history dating back to the Neolithic Age, which is of more than 6000 years old. The present site of Baotou was once inhabited by Mongolian nomads as well as grazers. Later, the Qing Dynasty occupied this Neolithic site, and established it as a city. It was during this period the city got its present name, meaning 'the place with deer' because of the hundreds of deer that were found in the region.

Now the city has become one of the prominent cities in the region and is home to more than 35 nationalities including the people of Han, Hui, Ewenke, Man, and Mongolia. The city is made up of three areas such as Donghe - the oldest part of the city that is located to the east; Qingshan - a significant residential as well as shopping area; and Kundulun, which has some of the iron and steel works.

As a tourist city, Baotou provides a multitude of attractions for visitors touring here. In other words, the city boasts of attractions to cater to every taste. For example, for those interested in exploring the rich history of the country, the city has some excellent attractions in the form of the Qin Great Wall, dating back to the 214 BC; the Great Wall of Zhao, which is 130 kilometers long, and consisting of many relics like Taopian and Numismatics; the old Wudangzhao Temple, one of the biggest Lama temples in Inner Mongolia sprawling over an area of 300 acres with more than 2000 palaces and houses; and the Meidaizhao, a Laoma temple covering an area of about 5000 square meters.

Also, an interesting spot in Baotou is the cemetery of Genghis Khan who was a great leader and the founder of the Mongolia Empery during the onset of the 13th century. Located in a street in the east river site of the city, the Lvzu Temple is another popular historic spot in Baotou.

Likewise, for sightseers, options available are truly incredible, with an amazing range of scenic spots such as the Jiufeng Mountain, a breathtaking area consisting of nine peaks such as the Dongjiu peaks, the Tianliangbei, the Daxiliang, and the Xijiu peaks; and Saihantala, a beautiful as well as a divine spot. In addition, worth visiting attractions in Baotou include the Xiangsha Gulf, the Xilanuren Plain, and the Shimen with fabulous waterfalls and beautiful lakes.

Above all, Baotou provides superb choices to enjoy a range of activities. For instance, the South Sea Park, located to the south of the east river area and covering an area of about 2000 hectares, has been considered a great destination for activities such as fishing and boating.

With extraordinary attractions as well as superb scenic spots, Baotou attracts visitors from every nook and corner of the world. Hence, Baotou has top class choices for accommodation for tourists.When comes to accommodation facilities and amenities, they all are a brilliant combination of convenience, comfort, and superb services. Further, these hotels provide superb facilities for business travelers in the form of excellent conference and meeting facilities. Above all, the dining choices available in these hotels are simply superb.

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