Indian TourismIts Destiny

By: Minhaj Alam

Introduction?Though the name of India is not included by the World Tourism Organization (WTO) among the top ten courtiers of the world in terms of “most visited" by numbers of travelers, in terms of tourism earners, in terms of most visited attractions, still the Indian economy has been boosted by new emerging trends of various types of Indian tourism and it continues to grow. There are number of factors responsible for the growth of Indian tourism at global level. India is a peaceful country without any political disturbance except for few destinations where a tourist is required to get special permission from local authority to enter into that area. The country has a federal structure with elected Governments in States. There are 28 states and 7 Union Territories administered directly by the Central Government. There is healthy competition of tour packages among all the states to attract the tourists from all over the world for speedy economic growth and employment generation. Not only this Ministry of Tourism and Culture has recently launched a campaign called ‘Incredible India!’ in order to encourage different types of tourism in India.

Types of Indian Tourism?All types of tourism in India are projecting the Indian subcontinent as the ultimate tourist spot. The reason behind why India has been doing well in all types of tourism is that India is a multilingual, multicultural, multi-religious and ready to assimilate other diverse cultures which are alien to this land and stable political system with tremendous geographical diversity, hospitality, uniqueness and charm make it one of the four preferred tourist spot of the world.

However, the different types of?tourism of Indiawhich are captivating the imagination of the tourists from all parts of the world can be explained under the following headings:

Religious or Pilgrimage Tourism?Since the ancient time, the name of India is synonymously taken with spiritual activities where the body of mythology related to Hinduism contained in Sanskrit literature such as Vedas, Upanishad, Vedanga, Mahakavya, Mahabharata, Ramayana and many others scriptures are found to make India as pilgrimage centre of the world. Not only this, as a birth place of two great religions – Buddhism and Jainism - India has also become the hub of?Buddhist pilgrimageespecially from Theravada Buddhist world and from Mahayana Buddhist world with its major centres of Lumbini, Bodhgaya, Sarnath, Shravasti, Sankashaya, Nalanda, Rajgir etc. Today, India’s pilgrimage tourism has gained attention of the tourists from all parts of the world and people of all faiths are coming to India to see the religious places of Narayan Sarovar, Sudamas Porbandar, Kabirvad Shuklatirth, Kayavarohan, Bhadrakali, Haridwar, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Varanasi, Gangotri and Yamunotri, Rishikesh, Shamlaji, Bodh Gaya, Ajmer, Punjab, Goa etc.

Archaeological Tourism

There are a number of places of archaeological importance which can be broadly classified as Stone Age, Indus Valley, Neolithic-Chalcolithic, Megalithic-Early Historic and Late Historic periods. Famous archaeological sites of the Stone Age are abound in Peninsular India, more prominently at Pallavaram in Tamil Nadu, Hunsgi in Karnataka, Kuliana in Orissa, Didwana in Rajasthan, and Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh. The sites of Neolithic-Chalcolithic Age are Inamgaon, Walki, Navdatoli, Ahar, Balathal, Gilund, Budhihal, Sangankalur, Maski, Brahmagiri, Utnur, Golbai, Pandu-Rajar-Dhibi, Chirand and Burzoham etc. Famous sites of Indus Valley Civilisation are Indus and Ghaggar river valleys, Kutch and Saurashtra, Dholavira, Kalibangan, Lothal, Surkotda and Rakhigari. Famous sites of Megalithic Phase are Brahmagiri, Maski and Rajan Kalur, Bhagimari, Gadabas etc. Excavations at Kosambi, Saranath, Hastinapura, Vaishali, Rajgir and Bodh Gaya, Chandraketugarh, Sisupalgarh etc. have revealed fortified cities dating back to this period. Famous sites of Buddhist Phase are Sanchi, Saranath, Ajanta, Kaneheri, Amravati, Sanati and Lalitgiri. Sites of Jainism Phase are Khandagiri-Udayagiri, Mathura. Some Islamic Archaeological sites are Delhi, Agra, Lucknow, Hyderabad, northern Karnataka, Aurangabad, and Bhopal.

Other Types of India Tourism

Besides the above explanation of the various types of tourism, India is fascinating the vision of the tourists from all sections of the world for its Adventure Tourism in Ladakh, Sikkim, Himalaya, Uttranchal, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh etc; Wildlife Tourism in Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary, Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Corbett National Park and many others; Medical Tourism in South India where the city of Chennai attracts around 45% of medical tourists from foreign countries; Eco Tourism in Kaziranga National Park, Gir National Park and Kanha National Park etc; Cultural Tourism at Pushkar fair, Taj Mahotsav, and Suraj Kund mela etc;?water Tourism in Goa, Kerala, Chennai, OrissaScience Articles, Maharashtra etc.

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