Ulaanbaatar Capital City of Mongolia

By: Hantulga

The capital city of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar. Ulaanbaatar is situated in the valley of Tuul river, surrounded by mountains. The altitude of Ulaanbaatar is at the height of 1351 meters. Ulaanbaatar has over 1.3 mln of population which is almost half of the country`s total population. The capital city is the country`s scientific, industrial, education, cultural, political and economic center.

It has the State Circus, Drama theater, Opera and ballet theater, many kind of museum and universities. Ulaanbaatar is called a student`s city. Because there are about 100 state and private universities and institutes. The state biggest universities are National University of Mongolia, Mongolian University of Science and Technology, Finance and Economic institute and others. Also there are more than 121 secondary schools and 100 kindergartens. Most of the city spreads from east and west same as Ulaanbaatar. The center of Ulaanbaatar is Sukhbaatar square that is surrounded by Grey Palace, Bodi tower and others.

The name of the city is also changed many times. It was Orgoo, Nomiin Khuree, Ikh Khuree, Da Khuree, Niislel Khuree and the last name-Ulaanbaatar. After the people`s revolution, it was Ulaanbaatar. The history of Mongolian capital city is related Khar Khorin which is located Uvurkhangai province or aimag. According to some records, Khar khorin was built in 1220. It was the capital city of Mongolia for 32 years in Mongolian empire. During the time, many travelers (Marco polo) visited the city. The city was moved from one place to another place more than 20 times.

The figures and indicators of 2004 General Guidelines of Socio-Economics of Ulaanbaatar city has been compared with the year of 2000. According to the comparison, the Capital's population has increased by 160 thousand and Gross Domestic Product - by 54.6 percent. An amount of the GDP per person has been added by 37.3 percent. A minimum income of households has also risen by 518 percent, and domestic investments 2.8 times. Ulaanbaatar city accumulates one third of the State Central Budget. Per last years survey by the Road and Transportation Department of Ulaanbaatar reveals that 150,000 people daily use the public transportation out of 300,000 total passengers, at a repeated number, in Ulaanbaatar, the most crowded settlement of the country. New socio-economic trends have dramatically expanded the role of the capital city in the development of Mongolia. Taking into account the present situation, the parliament has adopted the "Law of Mongolia on the Legal Status of the Capital City" on July 5th, 1994. Foreign relations of the UB have also considerably developed. The city now has friendly relations with the following cities: Denver, CO, USA; Tokyo, Osaka and Sapporo, Japan; Munich, Germany; Florence, Italy; St. Petersburg, Russia; Tianjin, China; Ankara, Turkey; and Seoul, South Korea. Ulaanbaatar has brotherhood ties with more than 36 foreign cities.

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