Java Island

By:

Java is a heavily populated island of enormous diversity ranging from unspoiled tropical beaches and jungles to active volcanoes and ancient monuments. Evidence of a rich and influential history can be found all over the island, particularly in Central Java from the times of the Mataram Empire. During this time a powerful Hindu-Javanese culture flourished between the 8th and 10th centuries, producing remarkable religious monuments, such as Borobudur, the largest monument to Mahayana Buddhism in the world; the Hindu temple complex of Prambanan, dedicated to Shiva and the ancient site of the oldest Hindu temples in Java on the magnificent, mist-shrouded Dieng Plateau.

The first contact point in Indonesia for Indian traders was in West Java and it was here that the Dutch and British first set foot in Indonesia at Banten.

Surrounding the nation’s capital of Jakarta on three sides, West Java provides visitors with a great number of fascinating things to see and do; get up close to the remains of the awesome Krakatau, explore the undisturbed wildlife reserve of Ujung Kulon on the south-western tip of Java, admire the Pulau Dua Bird Sanctuary off the coast of Banten and visit isolated communities of the mysterious Baduy, treasure the royal palaces of Cirebon and the world renowned botanical gardens of Bogor.

East Java, too, has an assortment of attractions, ranging from ancient temple sites to beautiful, unspoiled beaches, picturesque highland lakes, colorful marine gardens and fantastic wildlife reserves.

Magnificent mountain scenery includes the crater and legendary sea of sand at Mount Bromo, the “sulphur mountain" of Welirang and the rugged Ijen Plateau. The Provincial capital, Surabaya is second in size to Jakarta, in population and commerce.

Asia Destinations
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 

» More on Asia Destinations