How to Use DailyStocks to do Value Investing Research

By: Maria Suarez
A wise man said, "Price is what you pay for; Value is what you get." This one sentence encapsulates the concept of the value investing discipline.

Benjamin Graham, the father of Value Investing, and Warren Buffett's mentor, extended this concept to the stock market by illustrating the following parable. From Intelligent Investor:

"Imagine that in some private business you own a small share that cost you $1,000. One of your partners, named Mr. Market, is very indeed very obliging. Every day he tells you what he thinks your interest is worth and furthermore offers either to buy you out or sell you an additional interest on that basis. Sometimes his idea of value appears plausible and justified by business developments and prospects as you know them. Often, on the other hand, Mr. Market lets his euphoria or his pessimism run away with him, and the value he offers seems to you a little short of silly.

If you were a prudent investor or a sensible businessman, you would not let Mr.

Market's daily communication determine your view of the value of your interest in the enterprise. You may be happy to sell out to him when he quotes you a ridiculously high price, and equally happy to buy from him when his price is low. But at the rest of the time, you would be wiser to form your own ideas of the value of your holdings, based on full reports from the company about its operations and financial position."

Put another way, one must distinguish "quotational loss" versus "permanent loss of capital". The former is movement in the price of a stock due to psychological sentiment, liquidity issues or other factors. The latter is a "permanent damage" to the franchise of the business due to fundamental factors - such as product obsolescence, permanent changes in market demand for a product, losing market share to a better competitor, changes in the habits of customers, upcoming product substitutes.

This all sounds simple. But it begs the question: How does one know if the value of a business is changing? The answer is not to look at the stock price, but to do your own research. For example - try the product, visit the store, read business and trade magazines, or ask friends who are customers of the business. An alternative is to do research on the internet and gather facts and data points about the business.

With the internet, fundamental research on stocks has never been as widely available and convenient as before. You can go directly to the company's SEC Filing, pick up a chart, news headlines, get analyst's estimates and ratings, earnings history, financial statements and many more. You can also do market research on government web sites and other trade association web sites. Finally, if you have the time, you can participate in many active communities and discuss with others about a product, a stock, etc.

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