Diet for Crohns Disease

By: Sharon Price

It has been noticed that people with Crohn's disease experience a decrease in appetite that tends to affect the body receiving the daily recommendations of nutrition for good health and healing. Moreover Crohn's disease has always been associated with diarrhea and the poor absorption of nutrients of the body. However despite all this, there is no special diet that can prevent or treat Crohn's disease.
Crohn's disease sufferers feel a decrease in appetite, which leads to a deficiency in the nutrition and good health of the patient. Along with diarrhea and the poor absorption of necessary nutrients, Crohn's disease sufferers tend to lose weight. There is no fixed diet to follow when suffering from Crohn's disease; however it is advised to drink lots of fluids of about eight to ten serving's everyday so that the body is kept hydrated and constipation is prevented.
On consultation of the doctor or registered dietitian, the patient may be recommended a multivitamin mineral supplement that will help in the replacement of lost nutrients. It is better to follow a high fiber diet when Crohn's diet is under control.

If eating vegetables raw does not seem to agree with the patient, it is better to cook and steam the vegetables. However with a flare up, the amount of high fiber foods has to be reduced while a low fiber or low residue diet followed. These diets provide some rest to the bowel so that symptoms are minimized.
If the patient is lactose intolerant, it is important that lactose containing food liked dairy products be avoided. Instead lactase enzymes and lactase pretreated food may be eaten. When in a flare up, it is important to nourish the body with small and frequent meals. A high protein diet with fish, eggs and lean meat provide relief from the symptoms of Crohn's disease.
It is also possible to take a pre-digested nutritional drink so that the bowel is given a rest while lost nutrients are replenished by the body to repair it. However this drink should be taken only on the prescription of the dietitian. It is better to limit the intake of caffeine, alcohol and a sweetener, sorbitol as these products only aggravate the symptoms of Crohn's disease.
It is better to limit the intake of foods that produce gas like vegetables from the cabbage family like broccoli, cauliflower and brussel sprouts, onions, chives, dried peas and lentils, peppers and carbonated drinks. Patients whose intestines have been surgically removed have to restrict the intake of fat as these foods cause diarrhea and gas in such patients.
Patients whose ileum (part of the small intestine) has been rejected may require a Vitamin B12 injection. It has been proven through some studies that fish oil and flax seed oil are rather effective for those suffering from Crohn's disease. Then there are some studies that prove that prebiotics liked psyllium and probiotics which are live culture are very helpful in providing some relief from Crohn's disease.
On the overall, it can be said that it is important that people with Crohn's disease follow a nutritious diet and avoid food that tends to worsen symptoms.

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