Childhood Eczema -its Causes and Symptoms

by : Margaret Tye

Atropic dermatitis is considered to be one of the most common forms of childhood eczema. This form of eczema affects approximately 15-20% young children. Hayfever and asthma are also linked with atropic dermatitis and might be genetic as well.

Symptoms of eczema

The most common symptom of eczema is a dry, itchy patch on the skin, red in color. These patches can lead to infection if they are scratched constantly. In cases when the problem of eczema persists, the skin may thicken. In young babies the signs of eczema first appear on cheeks. As the child gets older the signs spread on the inner creases of the knees, around the neck and the elbow. There are phases in eczema when it flares up and dies down. Puberty is the time when most children grow out of this problem, but this can be a very uncomfortable and distressing ailment and it requires constant advice from a physician to be cured.

Causes of eczema

There are various factors that can cause eczema. According to many experts, this problem is hereditary and several things can trigger it, such as dry atmosphere, overheating, dust, smoking and intolerance of specific food items like wheat or dairy products. Stress can also be responsible in triggering eczema.

Other forms of eczema

There are other forms of eczema including irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis. The main cause of allergic contact dermatitis is a reaction to a substance that comes in contact with the skin. There are a number of adults who get affected with this form of eczema when they wear cheap jewelry items. Irritant contact dermatitis is caused by a reaction with chemicals such as soap detergents. If a child develops a dry itching patch it is advisable to change the brand being used to see if there is some improvement.

Eczema can be very irritating and at times the itching is not bearable at all. It becomes very difficult to prevent kids from scratching and so it is better to keep their fingernails short and during night make sure that they are kept cool. Try and persuade the kid to keep mittens on it so that he or she does not scratch. The clothes that children wear should be made out of smooth and soft material like cotton because this can help to prevent irritation to the skin.

This article is for information only and the author accepts no liability for any action taken. You should contact your physician for advice on any health problem.