Famous Places of Porcelain Productions

by : rhusain

In the eighteenth century there were some places like the Derby and Bristol that produces some of the best porcelain wares in those times and are still copied for their styles and designs. Derby produces in the early1745 and in Bristol production started in the year 1748.

It has been suggested that the Derby factory was making porcelain as early as 1745, but the earliest actual evidence is a number of white cream jugs inscribed with the name of the town and the date 1750. William Duesbury, who had been a painter of figures bought in the white, became proprietor at some date before 1760, and Derby ware began to be advertised as 'the second Dresden'. Duesbury bought up the Longton Hall factory and also those at Bow and Chelsea; all three of which he closed eventually and concentrated his energies on Derby. On his death in 1786 his son succeeded him, and after some further changes the factory was bought by Robert Bloor and closed finally in 1848.

The earliest pieces are unmarked and not easy to recognize; the figures have unglazed bases with the glaze shrinking away from the edge, and a funnel-shaped hole in the centre. Later wares include a large number of figures, usually made in pairs, of which the characteristic feature is the presence under the base of three or four dirty patches, each about half an inch in diameter, where the piece stood on flat pads of clay in the kiln.

Although these patch-marks appear occasionally on the products of other factories, their presence is consistent with Derby and they are rarely missing. A further feature that distinguishes most of these figures is the use of an opaque turquoise green paint in the decoration; a green that is often stained brown.

Shortly after 1770 groups and figures were made and sold unglazed, as biscuit. These were very highly finished, for there would be no glaze or colour to hide defects, and were sold at higher prices than their painted counterparts. Most of the figures made at this time were marked with a number under the base, which corresponds with published lists giving the title and selling-price.

The following period, from 1784 to 1811, is known as Crown-Derby, when the wares bore a mark incorporating a crown. Fine tablewares were then a specialty, and many had elaborated colored and gilt borders surrounding a carefully painted landscape scene. A number of painters were employed, each specializing in his own subject.

Between 1811 and the closing of the factory much tableware was painted vividly in pseudo-Japanese patterns, but some of the earlier styles were continued.

Lund's Bristol
In 1748 a porcelain factory was started at Bristol, where it was found possible to make an excellent soft-paste ware with the aid of a stone, steatite or soapstone found in Cornwall, as one of the ingredients. The incorporation of soapstone in the paste produced china that could be potted thinly, that would withstand contact with boiling water, and was therefore particularly suitable for making domestic pieces such as cups, cream jugs, and teapots.

Benjamin Lund, a brass-founder, started the Bristol factory and its wares are referred to as Lund's Bristol to distinguish them from those of the later Bristol hard-paste porcelain works. Lund's china can seldom be distinguished from that of early Worcester, but a few figures of Chinamen and some sauceboats have been found with the word 'BRISTOLL' molded on them in raised lettering. Some delicately made small pieces painted very neatly in Chinese patterns in colors or under glaze blue are assigned to Lund's period, but as the factory was in being for only a short period it is not surprising that pieces are now Tare.

William Duesbury owned the Derby factory of porcelain. He also bought up the Longton Hall factory and also those at Bow and Chelsea. Benjamin Lund started the Bristol factory. Benjamin Lund was a brass founder and his wares were referred to as Lund Bristol to distinguish them from other porcelain.