A Golf Ball - How is it Engineered?

by : Verlyn Ross

Golf balls are separated into two categories: recreational and advanced balls. Golf balls also come in different colors, which helps with finding the ball when lost or in distinguishing one player's ball from any other players' balls.

The fact is, different golf balls suit different golfers. Even the professionals will agree that using mint condition golf balls are the very best idea for golfers who are desiring to shape their shots. Today's golf balls have progressed into having cores of titanium compounds, hybrid materials, softer shells and a more pressurized core.

Golfers spend hundreds of dollars every year on the latest and greatest golf balls in hopes for a few extra yards off the tee and that dream of backing it up when it hits the green like the pros do.

Golfers have become wanton technophiles, and although the most noticeable advances have come in the form of ever-expanding club heads, the most sophisticated technology resides in the one place where size and shape have stayed essentially constant, the golf ball. Golfers spent $763 million on golf balls that can travel farther, roll longer, and fly straighter than ever before.

Golf Balls - These Are No Commonplace Golf Balls

Have you ever wondered how so much energy can be generated so that when you hit a golf ball with your clubface, the ball is sent soaring through the air with tremendous amount of speed, velocity. In order to produce this energy there are three factors involved:

1) The engineering of the ball
2) The manufacturing/construction of the ball.
3) The velocity of the clubhead.

A golf ball is made up and constructed according to rules set forth by the United States Golf Association (USGA). These rules state that a golf ball must be in the shape of a sphere, 1.68" in diameter at the smallest, and a maximum weight of 1.62 ounces.

The golf ball is then tested by specific equipment put out by the USGA. With these proper tests, the ball is not allowed to generate velocity of over 250 feet per second. This equates to approximately 170 mph, and a temperature of 75 degrees (F).

Who is "Iron Byron"?

The United States Golf Association also has a very detailed robotic hitting machine which golf balls are tested with. It is known as the Iron Byron. Each ball must not travel greater than the distance of 280 yards, with a tolerance percentage of no more than 6%.

What is the purpose of these guidelines? It is to prevent professional golfers from using non-standard golf balls that may travel farther than other balls. In other words, it is a checks-and-balances system to ensure that nobody is cheating with a ball that may have been purposely manufactured to fly at greater distances.

Of What Is A Golf Ball Made?

A well thought out design is engineered into every golf ball you play with. Each ball is either a two-piece or three-piece design. And not every golf ball is made of the same material. Less expensive golf balls are typically made from a synthetic rubber substance known as surlyn.

Then there are golf balls made out of synthetic balata, which are often used by more experienced players who desire a ball that is softer and generates more spin. This type of ball gives the player better control with steering their shots. Most beginner and amateur golfers stick to the two-piece balls, as they have less spin, thus minimizing poor shots.