Muna Wa Wanjiru

By: Muna wa Wanjiru

Child care, in all its many forms is always much in demand by working parents as it provides their child with safety, development and care while they are at work. As such, home based daycare is now one form of self employed that is growing in popularity amongst individuals wishing to earn an income while working from their homes.

There are several different types of home based daycare. They are different not in the care or services they provide, but in the way they are classified by authorities. Home based daycare usually falls under the registered, licensed, listed and unlisted categories.

The first three categories of home based daycare are those which function as legitimate centers subject to the rules and guidelines of the government. The last category consists of the more informal child care services that are provided to smaller groups of three or four children.

It is always better for home based daycare centers, whether they are big or small, professional or informal, to follow the proper channels and be registered with local authorities.

Registration and licenses serve the dual purposes of helping care givers avoid problems such as inadvertent income tax violations (anyone drawing over $400 dollars a month for child care is eligible for taxation) and parents dodging out on payments. Registration also ensures the protection of the centre and the children it has taken in.

Home based daycare centers contribute to the local economy and can in fact bring tax deductions if run from one's place of residence. Insurance policies that cover the care giver as well as the children can also be obtained at a much lower rate for such centers.

The usual practice is for one central agency to monitor all smaller home based daycare centers that are run in the area. These agencies recruit possible caregivers after thorough background checks and then subsequently supervise their centers.

The agencies themselves have to pass an annual inspection by the authorities to make certain they are run according to the rules and regulations specified in the Day Nurseries Act. Home based daycare centers are monitored by the agencies through the qualified supervisors who visit the homes of care providers and tender a report to the agencies.

Informal home based daycare centers caring for 5 children or less (not including the care givers own offspring) would fall under the '5 children per household rule' implemented under the Day Nurseries Act and will not be affected by any of the other terms and conditions listed under the Act. However, child minders caring for more than five children in their homes are required to have a valid child care license.

Parenting
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