A Brew of Aromatic Tea

One of the most famous and refreshing drink in the world is tea. Made from the plant called as Camellia sinensis, tea is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world having the components of generating rejuvenation by removing lethargy and fatigue, consumed second only to water. This is an evergreen plant that is available in four basic types namely - black tea, oolong tea, green tea, and white tea. Grown mainly in the tropical climate, it needs at least 50 inches of rainfall a year. The medicinal properties of Tea include natural source of the amino acid theanine, methylxanthines such as caffeine and theobromine, and polyphenolic antioxidant catechin. It also is free of carbohydrate and fat and act as an important antidote.

The credit for the origination of this popular brew goes to South East Asia, where tea was first put to culinary use, as both food and drink. From there, it had reigned to almost 52 countries. China claims to have the earliest records of tea consumption, which was then used as medicine. From then on, it spread to Japan and Korea before coming to India. Taiwan , United Kingdom and Sri Lanka were also the ones who were affected by the Tea expansion.

Focusing on India, Tea is perhaps the most widely consumed beverage in the country. Having a very ambiguous origin, with its mention dating back to the age of the Puranas. The tea cultivation begun in India in the nineteenth century by the British, however, has accelerated to the point that today India is listed as the world's leading producer, its 715, 000 tons well ahead of China's 540, 000 tons, and of course, the teas of Assam, Ceylon (from the island nation known as Sri Lanka), and Darjeeling are world famous. However, because Indians average half a cup daily on per capita basis, fully 70 percent of India's immense crop is consumed locally. Though the Darjeeling tea gardens are the most widely known, but there are certain tea producing parts that have remained camouflaged in spite of the glitz and glamour.

The most sought after hill resort in South India, Munnar. Munnar is also famous for its endless and aromatic tea gardens. More than 12,000 hectares of tea gardens adorn this hill station, wherein in only one estate can produce up to 70 kg black tea in an year. Tea has become Munnar's claim to fame. Known as the tea city of Kerala, Munnar has been successful in becoming one of the highest producers of tea in the country. The tea garden tourism is also gaining immense spot light in Kerala. Many tourists from all over the world travel to Munnar and be a part of the indispensable tea gardens.

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About The Author, Rita Jain
This article has been composed by Rita Jain, who, through this article has tried to bring forth the history of the most popular beverage in the world. She has done extensive research on the history of Tea and has pen down down this write up, that traces the origin as well as development of Te in the world with special reference to India. To read more of her works on the same please refer to the site Kerala.