Green Coffee Beans

Most people drink coffee without knowing much about it. It is the taste that they get use to and then decide what they like. Coffee comes made from the seeds that are roasted from the coffee plant. These seeds are commonly known as 'Green Coffee Beans'. They are actually a berry. The 'green coffee beans' that are collected from the coffee plantations are sent to special places where they are roasted, ground, and then finely crushed to make coffee powder.

Depending on the quality of the coffee bean will then depend on how it is packaged and where it is sent to. The green coffee bean must be picked normally by hand from the coffee plantations. This is done by laborers who get paid by the bucketfuls. Since coffee beans are a type of drupe, with fruit flesh directly wrapping the coffee bean, they first gather the coffee beans and then the flesh of the coffee bean must be promptly removed by soaking, scouring and rubbing the bean. The de-fruited coffee bean is then cleaned with water which removes the sticking fruit and additional sugars. It is only then left ready for the drying process. The green coffee beans are then spread over a large concrete or rock plane, where they are dried by air and sunlight.

Coffee beans are given a categorization of the beans. This is done by color and size. Discolored, decayed and damaged beans are removed at this point and thrown away.

The process of going from the Coffee Berry to the dry green coffee bean can be relatively long and may even involve some fermentation.Once this has been completed the green coffee beans should be stored in some sort of container that will allow it to breathe and not impart another flavor to the beans: burlap bags, paper bags, etc. Plastic containers are never used for obvious reasons. The coffee beans are stored at room temperature and out of direct light. They may be kept for a long period of time. Because of their light weight they are easy to ship abroad.

There are polyphenols in green coffee beans which act to help reduce free oxygen radicals in the body. The bean extract is sometimes standardized to more than 50% chlorogenic acid.

Coffee is a drink loved by millions, and the green coffee bean is the start of the production line. There are many ways to produce the coffee, and depending what you do with the green coffee bean and where it comes from will determine the taste and the outcome of the coffee.

The Roasting Process The length of time that the coffee beans are exposed to roasting determines how strong the coffee flavor is. The bean contains a wide variety of chemical compounds including proteins, fats, sugars, dextrin, cellulose, caffeine, and organic acids.

Some of these compounds volatise, oxidize, or decompose as part of the roasting process.The roasting process is very important in producing an aromatic cup of coffee. When roasted, the green coffee bean expands to nearly twice its initial size, changing in color and density.

At this point in the roasting process, the coffee beans will start cracking, quite like popping popcorn. At this stage, the bean expels moisture, and, upon reaching 400 degrees Fahrenheit, the color changes to yellow and then to a light 'cinnamon' brown, and oil is released from its interior.

This oil gives coffee its distinct flavor. The greater the amount of oil released, the stronger the flavor. The coffee beans will crack during the roasting process, which guides roasters as to how to gauge the progression of the roast. The bean will then continue to expel more oil while darkening its color, until such time it is removed from the heat. The final product can be crushed into savoury coffee powder.

Papua New Guinea is just one region that grows the coffee berry. The Highland regions of Papua New Guinea has a rich volcanic soil between the altitudes of 4,000 and 6,000 feet above sea level. Just this fact alone will make the coffee taste different from other areas of growth. It is believed that every factor that comes into play has a bearing on the outcome of the coffee bean. The altitude, the soil, the length of time it is left un picked, the time it is left to ferment, all contribute to the production.

Papua New Guinea coffee is well regarded by consumers for its uniqueness, consistency and special flavor characteristics. They export approximately 2% of the annual world green coffee bean production.

Papua New Guinea coffee beans are highly sought, as they produce a distinct floral and citric flavor and nutty body, and are frequently used to blend with other coffees to produce unique gourmet coffees. Take a look at this website which specialises in the green coffee bean from Papa New Guinea. Visit Coffee Pacifica.

Brazil - continues to be the largest coffee exporter, although the green coffee market has recently been flooded with large amount of Robusta beans from Vietnam. Robusta coffees, which were traded in London at a cheaper price compared to New York's Arabica, are the choice of large industrial clients consisting of multinational roasters and instant coffee producers; they favor these coffees because of the less expensive price.

Robusta is the cheap stuff. It packs lots of caffeine jolt, but offers only one-dimensional, front-of-mouth flavour. Much of it goes for instant, but a surprising amount becomes the filler in blends. Most industrial espresso roasters say it gives a better crema, or head, but this is rot - robusta is just a way to keep costs down and drinkers' nerves jangled. Vietnam is the major robusta exporter, and has flooded the market with cheap beans. Most "espresso roasts" now include them, their blunt flavour hidden by roasting beans almost to the point of incineration.

Arabica beans have finer, more complex flavours and are less highly-caffeinated. As with wine grapes, they include many sub-varieties and variations in terroir, and different skills in picking, de-fruiting, drying, sorting, ageing, roasting and packing the beans offer a coffee lover endless opportunities for subtlety and surprise. I haven't found an instant coffee I like, so won't be mentioning one.

Where To Go For A Coffee In London. Dont just use Starbucks or Costa Coffee. There are plenty of hotels dotted around London that have coffee afternoons. Try one of htese and be pleasantly surprised.

If you are in Central London then I would recommend a visit to Connaught Square, commonly known as 'Connaught Village' just off the Edgware Road. It is a 2 minute walk from Marble Arch tube station, and 200 metres from the bottom end of Hyde Park. There is a small coffee shop on the corner of Connaught Square called Markus Coffee. It has recently been refurbished by the owner, who has been blending and producing his magnificent coffee for over 25 years. Roasting takes place every day and the fresh aromatic smell is amazing. It is the best coffee in London. Well worth a visit.

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