Chocolate Production

Criollo, Forastero and Trinitario


are the three main varieties of


cacao beans used for chocolate in


todays food market. Criollo which


is native to Central America, the


Caribbean islands and the northern


tier of South American is the most


expensive cocoa on the market


because of its rarity.


The genetic purity of the cocoa sold


as Criollo today is under dispute,


mainly because the stands of trees


have been genetically crossed with


other varieties. Of the cacaos


Criollos are the most vulnerable


to a variety of threats; therefore


the yield of each tree is much


lower. Sporting a delicate yet


complex flavor, Criollo is rich in


secondary flavor without having


the strong taste of classic


chocolate.


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Forastero is a cacao that is


probably native to the Amazon


basin; it is a large group of


cultivated and wild cacaos. This


is the variety that entirely makes


up the cocoa crop in Africa.


Forastero cacao trees are a much


hardier plant and have a greater


yield than Criollo. Classic


chocolate flavor is the trademark


of Forastero but it has no


noticeable secondary flavors.


"Nacional" and "Arriba" are


superior types of Forastero, with


a very complex flavor.


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The third Trinitario is a natural


hybrid that originated in Trinidad


when Forastero was brought into


the local Criollo crop, (this is


what causes the concerns of the


genetic purity of Criollo). The


flavors of this type of cacao have


a wide range, depending on the


specific genetic heritage of each


tree. The majority of the cacao


grown over the last fifty years is


of low-grade Trinitario or


Forastero varieties. A minimal 5%


of the crop each year has been


from the higher quality


Trinitarious and Criollos which


are called the flavor cacaos.


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Chocolate has been around since


the time of the Aztecs and Mayans


and was served only to the highest


of nobles and the clergy of the


time.


Thank you,


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About The Author, Carmen Sandago
C. SanDago used to be an office and motel cleaner earning minimum wage on a contract by contract basis, working very hard to make ends meet. Being forced to stay at home after her baby, she says it was like a "visit from an angel"... She had to find a way to earn a living from home... with no pedigree, a high school dropout it was like a live changing event! Today she makes in excess of $80,000 a month and enjoys an extraordinary life! She considers herself extremely fortunate to have found the right business to give her such break in life!