Coffee Production - Key Facts

The process of coffee production is now a worldwide one. To begin with, the production had basically originated from Ethiopia, where the wild coffee tree forests are still used. This particular plant needs huge quantities of sunshine and rain. This is the main reason that the plants from which the beans are procured usually develop in tropical or sub-tropical areas.

Key Facts

Overall, coffee is procured form over 70 countries and accounts for the second highest volume of a commodity produced (in dollar volume). The primary source of this product is found at a location which is centered on the equator at around 23 degrees North to 25 degrees South. As per figures available, Brazil is the largest coffee bean producer contributing a 28% of the total output. This is closely followed by Colombia with 16% and Indonesia with 7% of the total production. Meanwhile, Mexico remains the fourth largest producer, with a figure of 4%.

Vital Facts

The best regions for coffee production are in high altitudes. However, this phenomenon has also undergone changes and has now adapted to a variety of regions. In Brazil, these plantations span over a huge area and are worked upon by scores of workers. On the other hand, Colombia has a series of tree-lined mountains which are used for the purpose. Meanwhile, the Hawaiian manufacturers use the regions of the slopes on the Mauna Loa Volcano. The required amount of water is supplied by the repetitive spells of rainfall on the island.

In Indonesia, coffee production was basically introduced by the Dutch colonists in many of its islands in the 17th century. This place boasts of natural warm and damp micro-climates which are ideal for coffee production. These regions include islands of Sumatra, Java and Sulawesi. On the other hand, plantations in Mexico are mainly done in small farms, most of them being located in the South, in regions including Veracruz, Oaxaca and Chiapas. Adding on further, in the recent years, Vietnam has also come up as a high production area in the Tonkin region.

Meanwhile, several smaller production regions have also been coming up including the likes of Africa, Kenya and Ivory Coast. This region is famous for the growth of a popular fruity coffee. On the other hand, the Ivory Coast, another production region is a major producer of robusta, which is one of the main ingredients in espresso blends.

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