Know About Hemorrhoids

By: Juliet Cohen

Hemorrhoids are either inside the anus (internal) or under the skin around the anus. Hemorrhoids may result from straining to move stool. Hemorrhoids are common. In the USA, the prevalence is about 4.4%. It is estimated that approximately one half of all Americans have had this condition by the age of 50, and that 50% to 85% of the worlds population will be affected by hemorrhoids at some time in their life. However, only a small number seek medical treatment. Annually, only about 500,000 people in the U.S. are medically treated for hemorrhoids, with 10 to 20% of them requiring surgeries. Hemorrhoids are very common in both men and women. About half of all people have hemorrhoids by age 50. The most common symptom of hemorrhoids inside the anus is bright red blood covering the stool, on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl. Hemorrhoids develop from 2 different places. There are 2 sets of veins that drain the blood from the lower rectum and anus. Hemorrhoids are very common in both men and women. About half of all people have hemorrhoids by age 50.

The most common symptom of hemorrhoids inside the anus is bright red blood covering the stool, on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl. The symptoms, progression, and treatment differ depending on where the hemorrhoids are internal hemorrhoids have four degrees of severity. Bleeding may occur with any of these. First degree: The hemorrhoid does not stick out from the anus. Second degree: The hemorrhoid sticks out from the anus during a bowel movement but returns on its own to the anal canal afterward. Third degree: The hemorrhoid sticks out from the anus during a bowel movement and does not return to the anal canal on its own. Fourth degree: The hemorrhoid is always outside the anus and cannot be pushed into the anal canal. External hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids can cause pain, itching, burning, and irritation. Hemorrhoids are very common in both men and women. About half of the population have hemorrhoids by age 50. Hemorrhoids are also common among pregnant women.

Treatment includes gradually increasing fiber and water in the diet, using creams to help stop itching, and occasional use of stool softeners. Drink plenty of fluids, at least eight glasses per day. Eat a high-fiber diet of fruits, vegetables, whole grains. Laser, infrared beam, or electricity is used to cauterize the affected tissues. Cleanse the entire rectal area with warm water after each bowel movement, and use a bulk fiber laxative to soften stools. Many people use bulk fiber supplements daily to prevent recurrences of hemorrhoids. Sitz baths (soaking the rectal area in hot water, in a shallow bath) for 15-20 minutes, 3-4 times/day are a simple and effective treatment for both goals. Sclerotherapy. In this procedure, your doctor injects a chemical solution around the blood vessel to shrink the hemorrhoid. Do not delay or try to prevent a bowel movement when the urge is present. Exercise, especially aerobic, may help produce more regular bowel movements. Drink plenty of liquids and eat regularly scheduled meals. Keep the area around the anus clean and dry.

Hemorrhoids Treatment Tips

1. Taking herbs and dietary supplements that strengthen vein walls, such as butcher's broom, horse chestnut, bromelain, and Japanese pagoda tree extracts.

2. Topical application of natural astringents and soothing agents, such as Witch hazel (astringent), cranesbill, aloe vera, and honey.

3. Drinking chamomile tea several times a day

4. Eating fiber-rich bulking agents such as plantain and Psyllium seed husks to help create soft stool that is easy to pass to lessen the irritation of existing hemorrhoids.

5. Using the squatting position for bowel movements

6. Eat a fiber-rich diet of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

7. Drink plenty of water and exercise regularly.

Bowel Problems
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