Golf Course Irrigation Systems

By: Rich Marsiglia

A golf course might be a dream place, but unless it is well irrigated with a sophisticated irrigation system, it will not only lead to water wastage but will do harm to the quality of the ground. Therefore a wise decision must be taken when deciding which system to adopt. The golf course irrigation system usually consists of sprinklers, field controllers, central control systems and valves. These are the components of an automatic sprinkler system. Each has a function of its own and each plays a vital role in proper irrigation. It is always advisable to use irrigation systems that manage water efficiently.

The central control system offers automatic monitoring thus it saves water and benefits the environment. An automatic controller will have multiple start times, multiple independent programs and automatic shut on / off. This is a great option, because you have the flexibility to irrigate only when necessary. You can also use nozzles that allow water to be spread evenly. By doing this, brown spots can be avoided and the course will look a lot better. Precipitation nozzles have been said to reduce water wastage by 30%.

Sprinklers come in retrofit conversion units, modular controls and hand held units. Companies today are manufacturing sprinklers keeping customer requirements in mind. All sites are different thus they need sprinklers, which will cater to the irrigation requirements of the site. There are also sprinklers that offer precision coverage for the ground. This is especially beneficial to irrigate tee boxes and other areas that will be difficult to reach. A small-bodied sprinkler is apt for small spaces. With proven toughness and durability sprinklers come with low maintenance requirements.

The central control system is the central processing unit. It is the intelligence behind the irrigation system. You can get graphic based software to make your job easy. This system gives direction to the valves. It tells the valves when to irrigate and when to stop. The sprinkler just directs the flow of water once it receives instruction. A watering station is a set of sprinklers, which is controlled by a single valve. The type of water station depends on the quality of the lawn and the type of plants used. The valves are operated in a certain order and not all at once. Therefore, only when one station has completed work, the next one will start. A watering program controls the watering station.

A watering program is developed to determine the timetable for the watering and how much of water to use. Different plants need different watering timetables. Some plants do not need to be watered every day but some others require daily watering. Thus the system should be pre-programmed to take care of different situations.

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