What Native Monitor Resolution Means

By: Pete Flack

The most common computer monitors are 2 types.

The most common is the cathode ray tube. It is the type you are probably most familiar it is also the oldest design type

cathode-ray tube

electron tube in which electrons are accelerated by high-voltage anodes, formed into a beam by focusing electrodes, and projected toward a phosphorescent screen that forms one face of the tube. The beam of electrons leaves a bright spot wherever it strikes the phosphor screen. To form a display, or image, on the screen, the electron beam is deflected in the vertical and horizontal directions either by the electrostatic effect of electrodes within the tube or by magnetic fields produced by coils located around the neck of the tube. Some cathode-ray tubes can produce multiple beams of electrons and have phosphor screens that are capable of displaying more than one color. Cathode-ray tubes are used in television sets, computers, automated teller machines, oscilloscopes, and radar displays This is the type of monitor that you are most familiar with.

The newer type is called liquid crystal display A liquid crystal display, or LCD, is a thin, lightweight display device. It consists of an electrically-controlled light-polarizing liquid trapped in cells between two transparent polarising sheets. The polarizing axes of the two sheets are aligned perpendicular to each other. Each cell is supplied with electrical contacts that allow an electric field to be applied to the liquid inside.

Before an electric field is applied, the long, thin molecules in the liquid are in a relaxed state. Ridges in the top and bottom sheet encourage polarization of the molecules parallel to the light polarisation direction of the sheets. Between the sheets, the polarization of the molecules twists naturally between the two perpendicular extremes. Light is polarized by one sheet, rotated through the smooth twisting of the crystal molecules, then passes through the second sheet. The whole assembly looks nearly transparent. A slight darkening will be evident because of light losses in the original polarizing sheet.

When an electric field is applied, the molecules in the liquid align themselves with the field, inhibiting rotation of the polarized light. As the light hits the polarizing sheet perpendicular to the direction of polarization, all the light is absorbed and the cell appears dark.

The newer type has native resolution this means you cant change the dot pitch or the resolution like you can with the cathode ray tube or older type.

Hardware
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 

» More on Hardware
 



Share this article :
Click to see more related articles