Life cycle of a Software Project

By: Rashmi Priya

It is basically divided into following phases

1) Planning2)Development3) Testing4) Deployment5) Documentation6)Training7) MaintenanceWhen a Project is at hand ateam has to be formed for the development of the project. Here theproject Manager and his capable team is selected for the properdevelopment of the project. It is very important while selecting theteam to choose all members who are qualified enough for handling theproject at hand. A person who is good at PHP and you ask him fordoing a high level .net project it becomes a bit difficult for him tounderstand few things and it takes him loner time to understand fewthings. He wastes more time in understanding concepts than doing theproject and thus things gets delayed. There are few exceptions tothis rule but they are very few. Its very important to select a rightteam for the project.Once the team is selected its the workof Project Manager to gather his team and plan all details about theproject at hand. The client either gives the Project Specificationsin writing or explains the type of product he wants in detail and youhave to prepare the specifications. Preparing and understanding theProject specifications is very important as that is the skeleton orfirst step for start of the project. Once the Project specificationis ready it is planned how to do the project. Which person will workon which module and in his absence what all steps will be taken sothat the project does not rune out of time. Each person receives acopy of the project specifications with instructions on what theyhave to work on.After the Planning stage is over Developmentphase starts. In this stage full fledged development starts. Its thework of project manager to check if things are moving fine and reportdaily the work done and send weekly report to the authorizedperson who in turn will communicate with the client.

This will removehassles from work because if few things were misunderstood the clientwill correct them and its always advisable to make changes at thestart during development phase rather than banging head wheneverything is over. Its very important to keep track of work done onweekly basis and communicate the same with the client. Reporting onweekly basis is also good because client checks the work flow and itsalways easy to explain small portions at a time rather thanexplaining the whole stuff at one time and confusing the client.Keeping track of each and every point is very important. Once thedevelopment of a project is over it should be checked that each andevery point is covered and nothing is missed out.After theCompletion of development phase the developed software has to berigorously tested so that no bug is left in the project. A very goodand qualified tester needs to test each and every point in detail aswell as the flow of the project. Sometimes few bugs are left unseenand they become troublesome in the near future. Its always better tobe secured from your end rather than facing embarrassment beforethe client for silly things. Few errors and bugs are interlinkedso if one is solved rest will fixed automatically. It sometimeshappens that testing and bug fixing takes more than alloted time soits always better to keep more time for testing. Testing phase isalso very important because during development phase several moduleswere developed and then all modules are integrated and after thisintegration phase few modules don't work together and hence needschanges. So until and unless ample time is devoted it is verydifficult to find and fix bugs.After the testing phase isover the project has to be deployed. If its a website it has to beuploaded on a server and then checked whether everything is runningfine. If the website is looking as demanded by the client and itis running successfully in all browsers. It sometimes happens that awebsite works fine on Firefox but looks distorted in InternetExplorer. These all too needs to be fixed. Then the whole site needsto be tested and functionality to be checked on live server beforethe site goes live.After the deployment phase Documentationfor using the software has to be created so that each and every partis clear to the client. Here it is explained in detail how the siteworks and the whole flow of the site. This part needs to be doneby a really qualified professional.Once the software isdeveloped people needs to be trained on how to use it. If no bodyunderstands the flow its no use developing the software and the wholework will go waste. Its very important to train people on how touse the software so that it can run successfully in anorganization.Developed softwares needs maintenance as itneeds to be updated from time to time with the changes in workenvironment and due to changed needs. Its always not necessary todevelop a new softwarePsychology Articles, work can be carried out will the old one butwith few advancements. The maintenance part is very crucial as itkeeps the software updated and meets current needs.For aProject to succeed its very important that all the phases are carriedout timely and with the right team.

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