Genomes

By: Sharon White
However, one of the main purposes of genomes’ study has been already established. We can now study the origin of humans. Part of the efforts in understanding the origins of man is finding out what makes us distinct and how we have made ourselves separate from all other creatures. Recent studies featured by the National Geographic that have shown that our species coexisted with other humanoids have also highlighted questions regarding what has allowed us to outlive them.In the course of these endeavors, scientists have found out the important role genes in understanding human evolution. This is one of the reasons why scientists have found it compelling to study chimpanzee genome in the course of studying human characteristics.

Chimpanzees, being co closely related to humans, provide a glimpse to the evolutionary past and current stage of human development. By mapping the respective genome maps of humans and chimpanzees and marking genes against specific characteristics, we find out the specific genes that correspond to human characteristics. Comparative genomics is a scientific process that investigates the similarities and contrasts of the genome of one species to another. It involves the analysis of axons, the level and centers of coding in the DNA, sequencing, gene location, length and function in the organism. Comparative genome analyses between humans and chimps have yielded key information in understanding primate evolution.There is undoubtedly a great deal similarities between human chimp genome, new researches have also have advanced knowledge of the difference between the two sets of genes. One of the key differences that have been discovered develop from the total removal of genes to the partial additions and removal that occur in nucleotides that can cause dormancy of genes, particularly those that influence immunological systems.

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